[1]廖丹霞,杨波,王慧彦,等.基于GIS的河北省滦县洪水灾害风险评价[J].自然灾害学报,2014,23(03):093-100.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0312]
 LIAO Danxia,YANG Bo,WANG Huiyan,et al.Risk assessment of flood disaster in Luanxian County of Hebei Province based on GIS[J].,2014,23(03):093-100.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0312]
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基于GIS的河北省滦县洪水灾害风险评价
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
23
期数:
2014年03期
页码:
093-100
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Risk assessment of flood disaster in Luanxian County of Hebei Province based on GIS
作者:
廖丹霞1 杨波1 王慧彦2 帅红1 余波1
1. 湖南师范大学 资源与环境科学学院, 湖南 长沙 410081;
2. 防灾科技学院, 河北 三河 065201
Author(s):
LIAO Danxia1 YANG Bo1 WANG Huiyan2 SHUAI Hong1 YU Bo1
1. College of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China;
2. Institute of Disaster Prevention Science and Technology, Sanhe 065201, China
关键词:
洪水灾害风险评价危险性易损性滦县GIS
Keywords:
flood disasterrisk assessmenthazardvulnerabilityLuanxian CountyGIS
分类号:
P426.616
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0312
摘要:
依据灾害学理论,基于GIS技术,通过综合分析致灾因子、孕灾环境的自然属性和承灾体的社会经济属性,从形成洪水灾害的自然环境危险性和社会经济易损性两方面出发,对河北省滦县的洪水灾害综合风险进行了评价。在洪灾危险性评价中,综合考虑降水量、降水变率、地形高程、坡度、水系分布等自然因素;在洪灾易损性评价中,综合考虑人口密度、单位面积年粮食产量和GDP密度等社会经济指标;在此基础上利用GIS方法对洪灾危险性评价和易损性评价进行叠加分析,得到滦县洪灾综合风险评价结果。结果表明:洪水灾害风险主要集中在滦县东南部平原区,且以河流干流为中心向两边递减,以东部的滦河、溯河中下游、西北部的管河上游风险最高。
Abstract:
The flood risk integrated assessment of Luanxian County in Hebei Province was conducted in this paper from aspects of hazard of natural environment and vulnerability of socio-economy according to the theory of catastrophology, based on GIS technology, and through comprehensive analysis of the natural properties of disaster-inducing factors and disaster-pregnant environment as well as the socio-economic properties of hazard-affected bodies. In the flood hazard assessment, natural factors such as precipitation, precipitation variability, terrain elevation, slope and water system distribution were considered comprehensively. In flood vulnerability assessment, socio-economic indicators such as population density, annual grain output per unit area and GDP density were analyzed comprehensively. Then, superposition analysis method for flood hazard and vulnerability assessment were performed based on GIS technology, and the flood integrated risk assessment of Luanxian County was obtained. Results show that, the flood disaster risk concentrates mainly in the southeast plains of the Luanxian County, and declines gradually from center to two sides around the main stream. In the middle and lower reaches of Luanhe River and Suhe River as well as the upper reach of Guanhe River, the flood risk is the highest.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-6-29;改回日期:2013-8-10。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(41171342):湖南省高校创新平台开放基金项目(10K042):湖南省自然科学基金项目(10JJ3022):GIS湖南师范大学重点学科资助
作者简介:廖丹霞(1989-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事GIS应用与生态环境评价研究.Email:liaodanxia1989@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01