[1]吕大刚,董尧,王闽雄,等.基于改进生活质量指数的社会挽救生命成本及在地震生命损失估计中的应用[J].自然灾害学报,2018,(04):001-10.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0401]
 LU Dagang,DONG Yao,WANG Minxiong,et al.Societal life saving cost based on improved LQI with applications to evaluation of earthquake fatality losses[J].,2018,(04):001-10.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0401]
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基于改进生活质量指数的社会挽救生命成本及在地震生命损失估计中的应用
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
001-10
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-09-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Societal life saving cost based on improved LQI with applications to evaluation of earthquake fatality losses
作者:
吕大刚12 董尧3 王闽雄3 贾明明12
1. 哈尔滨工业大学 结构工程灾变与控制教育部重点实验室, 哈尔滨 150090;
2. 哈尔滨工业大学 土木工程智能防灾减灾工业和信息化部重点实验室, 哈尔滨 150090;
3. 哈尔滨工业大学 土木工程学院, 哈尔滨 150090
Author(s):
LU Dagang12 DONG Yao3 WANG Minxiong3 JIA Mingming12
1. Key Lab of Structures Dynamic Behavior and Control of the Ministry of Education, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China;
2. Key Lab of Smart Prevention and Mitigation of Civil Engineering Disasters of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China;
3. School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
关键词:
生活质量指数休闲时间比避免死亡隐含费用社会生命挽救成本地震人员伤亡损失
Keywords:
life quality indexleisure time ratioimplied cost of averting a fatalitysocietal life-saving costearthquake fatality losses
分类号:
X9;C915;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0401
摘要:
在最新版的ISO标准《结构可靠性总原则ISO 2394:2015》中,通过引入柯布-道格拉斯弹性常数,对生活质量指数(Life Quality Index,LQI)进行了改进。本文综合世界各国对休闲时间比例的观点,结合ISO 2394:2015对工作时间比例进行的修正,改进了避免死亡隐含费用(Implied Cost of Averting a Fatality,ICAF)和社会生命挽救成本(Societal Life Saving Cost,SLSC)等社会经济综合指标。采用基于改进LQI的社会可接受准则,通过考虑我国社会经济发展状况、居民休闲娱乐的时间以及期望寿命等因素,对我国地震中人员伤亡损失的货币价值进行了评估,对我国31个省市2008年及2017年的ICAF值进行了计算和对比分析,并以汶川地震及钢筋混凝土框架结构为例,研究了ICAF和SLSC在地震人员伤亡损失估计中的应用。
Abstract:
In the newest ISO standard General Principles on Structural Reliability (ISO 2394:2015), the Life Quality Index (LQI) was improved by introducing the Cobb-Douglas elasticity constant. In this paper, by synthesizing different views on the leisure time ratio in the world, combining an improved working time ratio proposed by ISO 2394:2015, and then, the comprehensive societal-economic indicators, including implied cost of averting a fatality (ICAF), life-saving cost (LSC), and societal life-saving costs (SLSC), are re-derived and re-formulated by introducing the improved LQI. By using the social acceptance criteria based on the improved Life Quality Index (LQI), the monetary values of the human casualties in earthquakes in China are evaluated, with considerations of the following factors in China:the socio-economic development, the leisure times of residents, and the life expectancies. The ICAF values in the 31 Provinces and cities of China in 2008 and 2017 are calculated and compared respectively. Finally, taking Wenchuan earthquake and a reinforced concrete frame building as examples, the application of the ICAF and SLSC to the evaluation of the earthquake causality losses is illustrated.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-06-05;改回日期:2018-06-25。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51678209)
作者简介:吕大刚(1970-),男,教授,博士,主要从事结构可靠度、工程风险分析、地震工程等研究.E-mail:ludagang@hit.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01