[1]乔建伟,彭建兵,卢全中.运城盆地尉郭地裂缝基本特征与成因分析[J].自然灾害学报,2017,(06):110-119.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2017.0613]
 QIAO Jianwei,PENG Jianbing,LU Quanzhong.Basic characteristic and mechanism analysis of Weiguo earth fissure in Yuncheng basin[J].,2017,(06):110-119.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2017.0613]
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运城盆地尉郭地裂缝基本特征与成因分析
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
110-119
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-12-08

文章信息/Info

Title:
Basic characteristic and mechanism analysis of Weiguo earth fissure in Yuncheng basin
作者:
乔建伟1 彭建兵123 卢全中1
1. 长安大学 地质工程系, 陕西 西安 710054;
2. 长安大学 国土资源部岩土工程开放研究实验室, 陕西 西安 710054;
3. 长安大学 西部矿产资源与地质工程教育部重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710054
Author(s):
QIAO Jianwei1 PENG Jianbing123 LU Quanzhong1
1. Department of Geological Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Western China’s Mineral Resources and Geological Engineering, Ministry of Education, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China;
3. Open Research Laboratory of Geotechnical Engineering, Ministry of Land and Resources, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
关键词:
运城盆地地裂缝基本特征成因分析
Keywords:
Yuncheng basinearth fissurebasic characteristicmechanism analysis
分类号:
TU4;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2017.0613
摘要:
尉郭地裂缝位于运城盆地东南部的中条山断裂上盘,造成沿线基础设施开裂变形,包括房屋墙体开裂变形、道路错断和农田变形龟裂等,给沿线农业生产和人民生活造成了严重经济损失。本文以尉郭地裂缝为研究对象,基于大量的野外地质调查和地表测绘,详细的描述了地裂缝的基本特征。利用一系列的地质勘探如探槽、钻探和地球物理勘探工作,分析了地裂缝与构造断裂的关系,发现该地裂缝与下部隐伏断裂相连,地裂缝是隐伏断裂的延伸,隐伏断裂是尉郭地裂缝的控制因素;进一步的研究表明超采地下水引起的地面沉降是尉郭地裂缝的诱发因素,表水的入渗潜蚀是地裂缝的扩展因素。最后,概化了尉郭地裂缝的成因机理为断裂控缝,抽水诱缝和潜蚀扩缝。
Abstract:
Weiguo earth fissure was located on the hanging wall of Zhongtiao Mt. fault in southeastern Yuncheng basin. It brings great damages to farmlands, roads, buildings and other infrastructures, thereby threatening people’s life and causing serious economic loss. In this paper, Weiguo earth fissure was research object. The site investigation and surface mapping was used to ascertain the basic characteristics of Weiguo earth fissure. A series geological investigation consisting of geophysical exploration, geological drilling and trench excavation were used to analyze the relationship between Weiguo earth fissure and pre-exist fault. The results showed Weiguo earth fissure was connected with buried fault and it was surface outcrop of buried fault. Buried fault was the key factor of Weiguo earth fissure. The further research showed that the over-exploitation groundwater was a major factor of Weiguo earth fissure, and the erosion processes was a minor factor of Weiguo earth fissure. At last, the formation mechanism of Weiguo earth fissure was summarized. Active fault controlling earth fissure, groundwater over-exploitation inducing earth fissure and erosion expanding earth fissure.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-12-15;改回日期:2017-06-08。
基金项目:中国地调局项目(121201001000150122,DD20160235);国土资源部公益性科研专项(201411096-02)
作者简介:乔建伟(1990-),男,博士研究生,主要从事地质灾害的研究工作.E-mail:15029207728@163.com
通讯作者:彭建兵(1953-),男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事地质灾害的研究工作.E-mail:dicexy_1@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01