[1]毛星竹,刘建红,李同昇,等.“一带一路”沿线国家自然灾害时空分布特征分析[J].自然灾害学报,2018,(01):001-8.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0101]
 MAO Xingzhu,LIU Jianhong,LI Tongsheng,et al.Spatio-temporal patterns of natural disasters in countries along the Belt and Road[J].,2018,(01):001-8.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0101]
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“一带一路”沿线国家自然灾害时空分布特征分析
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
001-8
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatio-temporal patterns of natural disasters in countries along the Belt and Road
作者:
毛星竹12 刘建红12 李同昇12 邱海军123
1. 西北大学 陕西省地表系统与环境承载力重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710127;
2. 西北大学 城市与环境学院, 陕西 西安 710127;
3. 西北大学 地表系统与灾害研究院, 陕西 西安 710127
Author(s):
MAO Xingzhu12 LIU Jianhong12 LI Tongsheng12 QIU Haijun123
1. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China;
2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China;
3. Institute of Earth Surface System and Hazards, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
关键词:
一带一路自然灾害发生频次死亡人数经济损失时空分布特征
Keywords:
Belt and Roadnatural disasteroccurrencetotal deathseconomic lossesspatio-temporal patterns
分类号:
X915.5;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0101
摘要:
本文收集了"一带一路"沿线国家1900—2015年的自然灾害数据,通过整理和统计分析得出主要的灾害类型,然后从时间维度分析自然灾害发展趋势,最后从空间维度分析灾害的空间格局。研究结果表明:①洪水、风暴和地震是对"一带一路"沿线国家危害最大的自然灾害,洪水是最主要的致灾因子;②以1970年为节点,1970年以后沿线国家的自然灾害发生频次逐渐增加、经济损失激增,但伤亡人数明显减少;③东南亚片区和南亚片区的灾害发生频次最高,死亡人数较多的国家主要集中在沿海及沿地震带的区域;④灾害的影响程度与承灾体的经济发展状况密切相关,灾害对经济影响最大的是蒙古。本文的研究结果可为摸清"一带一路"自然灾害状况、共建综合防灾减灾体系、保证"一带一路"战略规划的顺利推进等提供参考。
Abstract:
This study collected data of the natural disasters happened during 1900-2015 along the Belt and Road (B & R). Firstly, the main types of disasters were obtained by collation and statistical analysis, then the development trends of different disasters were analyzed from the time dimension and finally the spatial distribution patterns of the disaster were analyzed from the spatial dimension.Results show that:(1) floods, storms and earthquakes are the most devastating natural disasters in countries along the B & R, among which floods are the most important hazard factor. (2) 1970 is a clear demarcation point. Since 1970, the occurrence of natural disasters is gradually increased, and its economic losses soared, but the number of deaths decreased significantly. (3) Southeast Asia and South Asia area are of the highest frequency of disasters. Countries with the largest number of deaths are mainly concentrated in the coastal areas or along the seismic zones. (4) The impacts of disasters are closely related to the economic development of each country. Mongolia’s economy is the most easily affected by disasters. The results of this study can provide references for ascertaining the actual natural disaster situations along the B & R and establishing a comprehensive prevention and mitigation system for disasters.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-04-09;改回日期:2017-07-13。
基金项目:中国科学院国际合作局对外合作重点(131551KYSB20160002);西北大学科学研究基金(13NW03)
作者简介:毛星竹(1993-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事资源环境分析与城市规划研究.Email:mxz_1002987618@163.com
通讯作者:刘建红(1985-),女,讲师,博士,主要从事资源环境遥感研究.Email:jhliu@nwu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01