MAO Xingzhu,LIU Jianhong,LI Tongsheng,et al.Spatio-temporal patterns of natural disasters in countries along the Belt and Road[J].,2018,(01):001-8.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0101]





Spatio-temporal patterns of natural disasters in countries along the Belt and Road
毛星竹12 刘建红12 李同昇12 邱海军123
1. 西北大学 陕西省地表系统与环境承载力重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710127;
2. 西北大学 城市与环境学院, 陕西 西安 710127;
3. 西北大学 地表系统与灾害研究院, 陕西 西安 710127
MAO Xingzhu12 LIU Jianhong12 LI Tongsheng12 QIU Haijun123
1. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China;
2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China;
3. Institute of Earth Surface System and Hazards, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
Belt and Roadnatural disasteroccurrencetotal deathseconomic lossesspatio-temporal patterns
This study collected data of the natural disasters happened during 1900-2015 along the Belt and Road (B & R). Firstly, the main types of disasters were obtained by collation and statistical analysis, then the development trends of different disasters were analyzed from the time dimension and finally the spatial distribution patterns of the disaster were analyzed from the spatial dimension.Results show that:(1) floods, storms and earthquakes are the most devastating natural disasters in countries along the B & R, among which floods are the most important hazard factor. (2) 1970 is a clear demarcation point. Since 1970, the occurrence of natural disasters is gradually increased, and its economic losses soared, but the number of deaths decreased significantly. (3) Southeast Asia and South Asia area are of the highest frequency of disasters. Countries with the largest number of deaths are mainly concentrated in the coastal areas or along the seismic zones. (4) The impacts of disasters are closely related to the economic development of each country. Mongolia’s economy is the most easily affected by disasters. The results of this study can provide references for ascertaining the actual natural disaster situations along the B & R and establishing a comprehensive prevention and mitigation system for disasters.


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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01