[1]周强,闵全环,熊拥军,等.江西典型村镇既有房屋抗震性能分析[J].自然灾害学报,2018,(01):096-105.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0112]
 ZHOU Qiang,MIN Quanhuan,XIONG Yongjun,et al.Seismic performance analysis of existing typical rural buildings in Jiangxi[J].,2018,(01):096-105.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0112]
点击复制

江西典型村镇既有房屋抗震性能分析
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
096-105
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Seismic performance analysis of existing typical rural buildings in Jiangxi
作者:
周强1 闵全环1 熊拥军1 张纯1 宋固全1 孙柏涛2
1. 南昌大学 建筑工程学院, 江西 南昌 330031;
2. 中国地震局工程力学研究所中国地震局地震工程与工程振动重点实验室, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080
Author(s):
ZHOU Qiang1 MIN Quanhuan1 XIONG Yongjun1 ZHANG Chun1 SONG Guquan1 SUN Baitao2
1. School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration, Harbin 150080, China
关键词:
村镇房屋抗震调查既有房屋抗震性能有限元分析
Keywords:
rural buildingseismic performance investigationexisting buildingseismic capacityfinite element analysis
分类号:
TU37;P315.92;X9
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0112
摘要:
为进一步掌握江西村镇既有房屋的抗震能力现状,基于已有抗震调查资料及初步分析结果,以3栋典型房屋为例,开展了弹塑性有限元分析。针对1栋现存的2005年九江-瑞昌地震中受损的典型砌体结构,分析其震害特点,并对其进行弹塑性有限元分析,通过与实际震害对比,验证了有限元模型的有效性,并对早期江西村镇房屋的抗震性能进行了论述。在此基础上,对该结构增设圈梁构造柱以及改变砂浆强度,分析其对砌体结构抗震性能的影响;分别选取1栋江西典型村镇砌体结构和框架结构,进一步开展有限元分析,并结合调查数据及震害预测结果,对江西村镇既有房屋的抗震性能进行了分析。结果表明:2005年九江-瑞昌地震后江西村镇房屋的抗震性能有所提高,所调查的江西村镇既有房屋基本满足当地的抗震设防要求;增设圈梁、构造柱及适当提高砂浆强度可有效增强砌体结构的抗震性能。
Abstract:
In order to further study the seismic capacity of existing rural buildings in Jiangxi, based on the existing seismic investigation data and preliminary analysis results, took three typical buildings for example, the finite element analysis was carried out. For a typical masonry structure damaged in the Jiujiang-Ruichang earthquake in 2005, its seismic damage characteristics were analyzed and its elastic-plastic finite element analysis was carried out, after compared with actual seismic damage, the validity of the finite element model was verified. Then the seismic performance of rural buildings in early Jiangxi was discussed. On the basis of these, its impact on the seismic behavior of masonry structures were analyzed after adding structural columns and ring beams and increasing the strength of mortar. One typical rural masonry structure and frame structure in Jiangxi were selected respectively to carry out the finite element analysis. Based on the survey data and the prediction results of earthquake damage, the present situation of seismic capacity of rural buildings in Jiangxi was reviewed. The results showed that the seismic performance of rural buildings in Jiangxi has improved after the Jiujiang-Ruichang earthquake in 2005, the existing rural buildings investigated in Jiangxi basically meet the local seismic fortification requirements. The seismic performance of masonry structure can be improved effectively by adding structural columns and ring beams and increasing the strength of mortar.

参考文献/References:

[1] 周铁钢, 张浩. 鲁甸地震村镇建筑震害调查与分析[J]. 地震工程与工程振动, 2014, 34(5):75-80. ZHOU Tiegang, ZHANG Hao. Damage investigation and analysis of rural buildings in Ludian earthquake[J]. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics, 2014, 34(5):75-80. (in Chinese)
[2] 谭皓, 李杰, 张电吉, 等. 玉树大地震砌体结构房屋震害特征[J]. 工程抗震与加固改造, 2011, 33(5):133-139. TAN Hao, LI Jie, ZHANG Dianji, et al. Damaged investigation of masonry structure buildings in Yushu heavy earthquake[J]. Earthquake Resistant Engineering and Retrofitting,2011, 33(5):133-139. (in Chinese)
[3] 刘培玄, 周正华, 赵纪生, 等. 汶川地震典型民居震害特征分析[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2012, 21(2):89-94. LIU Peixuan, ZHOU Zhenghua, ZHAO Jisheng, et al. Seismic damage characteristic analysis of typical private residence building in Wenchuan earthquake[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2012, 21(2):89-94. (in Chinese)
[4] 葛学礼, 朱立新, 于文. 我国村镇建筑防灾研究概述[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2014, 23(2):8-14. GE Xueli, ZHU Lixin, YU Wen. Overview of researches on disaster prevention of building in village and town[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2014, 23(2):8-14. (in Chinese)
[5] 邵峰, 周强, 宋固全, 等. 砌体结构单体震害预测方法评述[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2016, 25(6):58-68. SHAO Feng, ZHOU Qiang, SONG Guquan, et al. Review on seismic damage prediction methods of single masonry structures[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2016, 25(6):58-68. (in Chinese)
[6] 卢福水, 郑栋, 王建荣. 2005年11月26日九江-瑞昌5.7级地震震害特征[J]. 震灾防御技术, 2006, 1(1):70-72. LU Fushui, ZHENG Dong, WANG Jianrong. Seismic characteristics of Jiujiang Ruichang Ms5.7 earthquake in November 26, 2005[J]. Technology for Earthquake Disaster Prevention, 2006, 1(1):70-72. (in Chinese)
[7] 周强, 邵峰, 孙柏涛. 江西村镇房屋抗震能力调查与分析[J]. 地震工程与工程振动, 2016, 36(6):188-197. ZHOU Qiang, SHAO Feng, SUN Baitao. Seismic performance investigation and analysis of rural buildings in Jiangxi[J]. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics, 2016, 36(6):188-197. (in Chinese)
[8] 高建华, 郑栋, 李超. 2005年11月26日九江-瑞昌5.7级地震浅析[J]. 气象与减灾研究, 2006, 29(1):56-60. GAO Jianhua, ZHENG Dong, LI Chao. Analysis ofJiujiang-Ruichang Ms5.7 earthquake in November 26, 2005[J]. Meteorology and Disaster Reduction Research, 2006, 29(1):56-60.
[9] 华建兵, 吴韬, 蒋敏, 等. 大震下村镇建筑砌体结构的抗震性能数值分析[J]. 地震工程学报, 2017, 39(1):52-57. HUA Jianbing, WU Tao, JIANG Min, et al. Numerical analysis of seismic behaviors of masonry structuresin village buildings during strong earthquakes[J]. China Earthquake Engineering Journal, 2017, 39(1):52-57. (in Chinese)
[10] GB 50010-2010混凝土结构设计规范[S]. 北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2015. GB 50010-2010 Code for Design of Concrete Structures[S]. Beijing:China Architecture & Building press, 2015. (in Chinese)
[11] 刘桂秋. 砌体结构基本受力性能的研究[D]. 湖南大学, 2005. LIU Guiqiu. The Research on the Basic Mechanical Behavior of Masonry Structure[D]. Hunan University, 2005. (in Chinese)
[12] 张望喜, 段连蕊, 廖莎, 等. 基于ABAQUS的砌体结构动力弹塑性时程分析[J]. 建筑结构, 2016, 46(1):64-70, 86. ZHANG Wangxi, DUAN Lianrui, LIAO Sha, et al. Dynamic elastic-plastic time-history analysis of masonry structure based on ABAQUS[J]. Building Structure, 2016, 46(1):64-70, 86. (in Chinese)
[13] 杨玉成, 杨柳, 高云学, 等. 现有多层砖房震害预测的方法及其可靠度[J]. 地震工程与工程振动, 1982, 2(3):75-86. YANG Yucheng,YANG Liu, GAO Yunxue, et al. Methods and reliability of earthquake damage prediction for existing multistory brick buildings[J]. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics, 1982, 2(3):75-86. (in Chinese)
[14] GB 50009-2012建筑结构荷载规范[M]. 北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2012. GB 50009-2012 Code for Load of Building Structures[M]. Beijing:China Architecture & Building Press, 2012. (in Chinese)
[15] GB 50011-2010建筑抗震设计规范[S]. 北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2016. GB 50011-2010 Code for Seismic Design of Buildings[S]. Beijing:China Architecture & Building Press, 2016. (in Chinese)
[16] 胡亮. 基于ABAQUS的框架填充墙动力有限元分析[D]. 合肥工业大学, 2012. HU Liang. Dynamic Finite Element Analysis of the in-filled frame Structure Based on ABAQUS[D]. Hefei University of Technology, 2012. (in Chinese)
[17] 孙艳丽, 杨海, 姜绍飞. 既有砖砌体结构容许变形值及抗震性能评估[J]. 沈阳建筑大学学报(自然科学版), 2013, 29(5):861-867. SUN Yanli, YANG Hai, JIANG Shaofei. Evaluation of seismic performance and tolerant deformation on existing brick masonry buildings[J]. Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science), 2013, 29(5):861-867. (in Chinese)
[18] 门进杰, 史庆轩, 周琦. 框架结构基于性能的抗震设防目标和性能指标的量化[J]. 土木工程学报, 2008, 41(9):76-82. MEN Jinjie, SHI Qingxuan, ZHOU Qi. Performance-based seismic fortification criterion and quantified performance index for reinforced concrete frame structures[J]. China Civil Engineering Journal, 2008, 41(9):76-82. (in Chinese)
[19] 林旭川, 潘鹏, 叶列平, 等. 汶川地震中典型RC框架结构的震害仿真与分析[J]. 土木工程学报, 2009, 42(5):13-20. LIN Xuchuan, PAN Peng, YE Lieping, et al. Analysis of the damage mechanism of a typical RC frame in Wenchuan Earthquake[J]. China civil engineering journal, 2009, 42(5):13-20. (in Chinese)
[20] 葛学礼, 朱立新, 于文, 等. 江西九江-瑞昌M5.7级地震空斗砖墙房屋震害分析[J]. 工程抗震与加固改造, 2006, 28(1):11-13, 17. GE Xueli, ZHU Lixin, YU Wen, et al. Analysis of seismic disaster of cavity wall buildings in Jiujiang-ruichang earthquake (M5.7)[J]. Earthquake Resistant Engineering and Retrofitting, 2006, 28(1):11-13, 17. (in Chinese)
[21] 王可, 黄志广. 2005年江西九江地震建筑震害与分析[J]. 建筑结构, 2006(36):21-24. WANG Ke, HUANG Zhiguang. Analysis of building wreckage caused by 2005 earthquake in Jiujiang[J]. Building Structure, 2006(36):21-24. (in Chinese)
[22] 江德保, 顾晓静. 九江震区房屋应急鉴定与加固措施研究[J]. 工程抗震与加固改造, 2006, 28(1):14-17. JIANG Debao, GU Xiaojing. Urgent estimation and reinforced measure research for damage buildings in Jiujiang earthquake site[J]. Earthquake Resistant Engineering and Retrofitting, 2006, 28(1):14-17. (in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]郭永恒,周云,吴从晓,等.从九江地震看我国村镇房屋抗震设防[J].自然灾害学报,2008,(05):026.
 GUO Yong-heng,ZHOU Yun,WU Cong-xiao,et al.Seismic fortification capability of rural buildings in China in view of Jiujiang earthquake[J].,2008,(01):026.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-09-11;改回日期:2017-09-27。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51608249、51469016);江西省重点研发计划项目(20161BBG70058);南昌大学中青年教师出国研修计划
作者简介:周强(1983-),男,副教授,博士,主要从事结构抗震及灾场仿真研究.E-mail:zhouqiang@ncu.edu.cn
通讯作者:熊拥军(1971-),男,讲师,学士,主要从事工程力学及计算机仿真技术研究.E-mail:xyjnzy@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01