[1]杨莲梅,刘晶.新疆水汽研究若干进展[J].自然灾害学报,2018,(02):001-13.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0201]
 YANG Lianmei,LIU Jing.Some advances of water vapor research in Xinjiang[J].,2018,(02):001-13.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0201]
点击复制

新疆水汽研究若干进展
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2018年02期
页码:
001-13
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Some advances of water vapor research in Xinjiang
作者:
杨莲梅12 刘晶12
1. 中国气象局乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830002;
2. 中亚大气科学研究中心, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830002
Author(s):
YANG Lianmei12 LIU Jing12
1. Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi 830002, China;
2. Contral-Asia Research Center of Atmosphere Science, Urumqi 830002, China
关键词:
新疆不同时间尺度水汽源地水汽输送强降水过程
Keywords:
Xinjiangdifferent time scalesstrong precipitation processwater vapor sourcewater vapor transmission
分类号:
P458.1;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0201
摘要:
总结归纳1 960 s来新疆水汽研究领域的主要成果,从气候平均讲,新疆水汽主要来自其以西中高纬地中海、里海、黑海、大西洋和北冰洋,冬、春季水汽来自地中海和里海,夏季来自北大西洋和北冰洋,秋季来自黑海和里海;春、夏、冬季降水异常偏多则表现为高、副热带/低纬向中亚区域水汽输送增强然后随西风气流向新疆水汽输送增强,但以由副热带/低纬向中亚区域水汽输送增强为主。1987年夏季降水年代际增多则由于印度洋向中亚和新疆水汽输送年代际增强,同时东亚太平洋型遥相关波列(EAP)的强度年代际加强和向西偏移使得西北太平洋向我国内陆地区的异常水汽输送显著增强,而1987年冬季降水年代际增多则主要由于中高纬水汽向新疆地区输送增加。暴雨过程水汽主要为西风、偏南和偏东输送路径,暴雪过程水汽主要以中纬西风和副热带/低纬向中亚的西南路径为主,短时强降水过程则表现为局地水汽快速聚集。提出了进一步研究问题:新疆大气水分循环系统物理过程认识不足,应用数值模式、轨迹分析方法等开展新疆地区暴雨/雪过程水汽源汇结构、接力输送机制以及主要水汽源地和多尺度汇流通道对降水贡献率等研究不够,卫星、多普勒天气雷达、GPS/met水汽探测仪、微波辐射计等多源探测手段在新疆降水天气监测预警中应用薄弱。这些问题的研究对推进新疆天气预报技术的发展和水资源可持续利用具有重要意义。
Abstract:
The main study progress on water vapor in Xinjiang are summarized since 1 960 s. The results show that the major vapor comes from the Caspian Sea,the Black Sea,Mediterranean,the North Atlantic and the Arctic sea to the west side of Xinjiang. The Caspian Sea and Mediterranean are the sources in winter and spring, the North Atlantic and the Arctic sea in summer,and the Black Sea and Caspian Sea in Autumn,respectively.During the seasons with abundant precipitation, more water vapor transportation along westerly over middle Asia comes from Arctic Ocean and sub-tropical/tropical zone,but mainly from the sub-tropical/tropical water vapor transportation. It exits water vapor transportation anomaly from tropical India Ocean/mid-high to the mid-Asia and Xinjiang during the summer/winter rainfall interdecadal increasing after 1987. At the meantime, the intensified and westward East Asian Pacific teleconnection(EAP) along the East Asian coast made great contribution to the increase of Xinxiang summer rainfall. The mainly pathways of water vapor transport related to heavy rainfall processes are the water vapor from the west along westerly, the south from Tibetan Plateau and the east by LLEJ from Baikal Lake, but the mainly water vapor comes from the westerly and sub-tropical/tropical southwesterly. Water vapor during the short-time strong rainfall fastly comes from the local water vapor convergence. Some problems remaining to be resolved are pointed out as follows:there have insufficient understanding about the impact of climate change on atmospheric water circulation system in Xinjiang and it’s the physical process, the study on the water vapor source/sink structure of rainstorm/snowstorm, relay transmission mechanism, the main water vapor source and the multi-scale pathway’s contribution on the rate of precipitation by applying the numerical model, the trajectory analysis method in Xinjiang region was not enough. The application of multiple detection means of water vapor, such as satellite, Doppler weather radar, GPS/met moisture detector and microwave radiometer, is weak in monitoring and early warning of strong convective weather in Xinjiang. To solve the above-mentioned problems, it is very important for improving the weather forecast development in Xinjiang, the accuracy of strong convective forecasting and warning and the sustainable utilization of water resources.

参考文献/References:

[1] Revercomb H. E., Turner D. D., Tobin D. C, et al. The ARM program’s water vapor intensive observation periods overview, initial accomplishments, and future challenges[J]. BAMS, 2003, 84(2):217-236..
[2] Chahine, M. T. The future direction of the GEWEX global water vapor project[J]. GEWEX Newsl., 1997, 7(4):1-6.
[3] Tammy M. Weckwerth, David B. Parsons, Steven E. Koch, et al. An overview of the international H2O project (IHOP_2002) and some preliminary highlights[J]. 2004, BAMS, 85(2):253-277.
[4] Ralph F M, Neiman P J, Wick G A, et al. Flooding on California’s Russian river:role of atmospheric rivers[J]. Geophys Res Lett,, 2006, 33:L13801.
[5] Tao S Y, Chen L X. A Review of Recent Research on the East Asian Summer Monsoon in China.//Monsoon Meteorology[M]. Oxford University Press, 1987.
[6] Ninomiya K, Kobayashi C. Precipitation and moisture balance of the Asian summer monsoon in 1991. Part Ⅱ:moisture transport and moisture balance[J]. J Meteor Soc Japan, 1999, 77(1):77-99.
[7] Reale O, Feudale L, Turato B. Evaporative moisture sources during a sequence of floods in the mediterranean region[J]. Geophys Res Lett, 2001, 28(10):2085-2088.
[8] Bosilovich M G, Sud Y C, Schubert S D, et al. Numerical simulation of the large scale north American monsoon water sources[J]. J. Geophys. Res.,2003, 108, (D16):8614, doi:10.1029/2002JD003095.
[9] XU Xiangde,MIAO Qiuju, WANG Jizhi, et al. The water vapor transport model at the regional boundary during Meiyu period[J]. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 2003, 20(3):333-342.
[10] Stohl A, James P. A Lagrangia analysis of the atmospheric branch of the global water cycle 1:method description, validation, and demonstration for the August 2002 flooding in central Europe[J]. J. Hydrometer., 2004, 5:656-678.
[11] James P, Stohl A, Spichtinger N, et al. Climatological aspects of the extreme European rainfall of August 2002 and a trajectory method for estimating the associated evaporative source regions[J]. Nat Hazards Earth Sys Sci, 2004(4):733-746.
[12] Nieto R, Gimeno L, Trigo R. A lagrangian identification of major sources of Sahel moisture[J]. Geophys Res Lett, 2006, 33:L18707, doi:10.1029/2006GL027232.
[13] Christopher E. Holloway J. David Neelin. Moisture vertical structure, column water vapor, and tropical deep convection[J]. J. Atmos. Sci., 2009(66):1665-1683.
[14] Alia Iassamen, Henri Sauvageot, Nicolas Jeannin, et al. Distribution of tropospheric water vapor in clear and cloudy conditions from microwave radiometric profiling[J]. J. Appl. Meteor., 2009(48):600-615.
[15] Alain Roberge, John R. Gyakum, Eyad H. Atallah. Analysis of intense poleward water vapor transports into high latitudes of western north America[J]. Wea. Forecasting, 2009(24):1732-1747.
[16] Barrett L. Smith, Sandra E. Yuter, Paul J. Neiman, et al. Water vapor fluxes and orographic precipitation over northern California associated with a landfalling atmospheric river[J]. Mon. Wea. Rev., 2010, 138(1):74-100.
[17] 周玉淑, 高守亭, 邓国. 江淮流域2003年强梅雨期的水汽输送特征分析[J].大气科学,2005, 29(2):195-204. ZHOU Yushu, GAO Shouting, DENG Guo. A diagnostic study of water vapor transport and budget during heavy precipitation over the Changjiang river and the Huaihe river basins in 2003[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2005, 29(2):195-204. (in Chinese)
[18] 汪秀清, 陈长胜, 张智勇, 等. 东北地区夏季旱涝的区域特征及水汽异常输送[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2006, 15(4):53-58. WANG Xiuqing, CHEN Changsheng, ZHANG Zhiyong, et al. Regional features of summer drought and flood in northeast China and corresponding abnormal water-vapor transportation[J]. 2006, 15(4):53-58. (in Chinese)
[19] 梁萍, 何金海, 陈隆勋, 等. 华北夏季强降水的水汽来源[J]. 高原气象, 2007, 26(3):460-465. LIANG Ping, HE Jinhai, CHEN Longxun. Anomalous mositure sources for the severe precipitation over north China during summer[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2007, 26(3):460-465. (in Chinese)
[20] Alia Iassamen, Henri Sauvageot, Nicolas Jeannin, et al. Distribution of tropospheric water vapor in clear and cloudy conditions from microwave radiometric profiling[J]. J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 2009, 48(3):600-615.
[21] Barrett L. Smith, Sandra E. Yuter, Paul J. Neiman, et al. Water Vapor fluxes and orographic precipitation over northern California associated with a landfalling atmospheric river[J]. Mon. Wea. Rev., 2010, 138(1):74-100.
[22] 申乐琳, 何金海, 周秀骥, 等. 近50年来中国夏季降水及水汽输送特征研究[J]. 气象学报, 2010, 71(6):918-931. SHEN Lelin, HE Jinhai, ZHOU Xiuji, et al. 2010. The regional variabilities of the summer rainfall in China and its relation with anomalous moisture transport during the recent 50 years[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 71(6):918-931. (in Chinese)
[23] SUN Li, SHEN Baizhu, SUI Bo. A Study on water vapor transport and budget of heavy rain in northeast China[J]. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 2010, 27(6):1399-1414.
[24] 陈斌, 徐祥德, 施晓晖. 拉格朗日方法诊断2007年7月中国东部系列极端降水的水汽输送路径及其可能蒸发源区[J]. 气象学报, 2011, 69(5):810-818. CHEN Bin, XU Xiangde, SHI Xiaohui. Estimating the water vapor transport pathways and associated sources of water vapor for the extreme rainfall event over east of China in July 2007 using the Lagrangian method[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 2011, 69(5):810-818. (in Chinese)
[25] 王寅钧, 陈渭民, 吴彬. 一次雷暴天气发生发展的水汽图和红外云图特征分析[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2012, 21(2):126-134. WANG Yinjun, CHEN Weimin, WU Bin. Characteristic analysis of water vapor and infrared satellite cloud images for the occurrence and development of a thunderstorm weather[J]. 2012, 21(2):126-134. (in Chinese)
[26] 江志红, 任伟, 刘征宇, 等. 基于拉格朗日方法的江淮梅雨水汽输送特征分析[J]. 气象学报, 2013, 71(2):295-304. JIANG Zhihong, REN Wei, LIU Zhengyu, et al. Analysis of water vapor transport characteristics during the Meiyu over the Yangtze-Huaihe river valley using the Lagrangian method[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 71(2):295-304. (in Chinese)
[27] 王淑云, 张唯, 魏秀梅, 等. 华北地区一次MCS活动的环境特征及动力分析[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2013, 22(6):246-251. WANG Shuyun, ZHANG Wei, WEI Xiumei, et al. Environmental characteristics and dynamic analysis of a MCS in north China[J]. 2013, 22(6):246-251. (in Chinese)
[28] 邓军英, 邱昀, 陈勇航, 等. 强降雨过程中冰云粒子等效半径的垂直分布及其与降水的相关性[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2014, 23(2):120-128. DENG Junying, QIU Yun, CHEN Yonghang, et al. The vertical distribution of ice particle effective radius of clouds and its correlation with precipitation during heavy rainfalls[J]. 2014, 23(2):120-128. (in Chinese)
[29] 陶健红, 孔祥伟, 刘新伟. 河西走廊西部两次极端暴雨事件水汽特征分析[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(1):107-117. TAO Jianhong, KONG Xiangwei, LIU Xinwei. Analysis on water vapor characteristics of two extreme rainstorm events in western Gansu corridor[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2016, 35(1):107-117. (in Chinese)
[30] 孙力, 马梁臣, 沈柏竹, 等. 2010年7~8月东北地区暴雨过程的水汽输送特征分析[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(3):630-646. SUN Li, MA Liangchen, SHEN Baizhu, et al. A Diagnostic study of water vapor transport and budget of heavy rainfall over northeast China during July to August 2010[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(3):630-646. (in Chinese)
[31] 戴新刚, 李维京, 马柱国. 近十几年新疆水汽源地变化特征[J]. 自然科学进展, 2006, 16(12):1651-1656. DAI Xingang, LI Weijing, MA Zhuguo. Variation characteristics of vapor sources in Xinjiang[J]. Advance in Nature, 2006, 16(12):1651-1656. (in Chinese)
[32] 张书萍, 祝从文. 2009年冬季新疆北部持续性暴雪的环流特征及其成因分析[J]. 大气科学, 2011, 35(5):833-846. ZHANG Shuping, ZHU Congwen. Possible causes of circulation anomalies associated with subsequent snowstorms over the north of Xinjiang during winter 2009[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2011, 35(5):833-846. (in Chinese)
[33] 张学文. 新疆的水源问题[J]. 自然杂志, 1988, 10(8):597-600. ZHANG Xuewen. Water resources in Xinjiang[J]. Chinese Journal of Nature, 1988, 10(8):597-600. (in Chinese)
[34] 史玉光, 孙照渤. 新疆水汽输送的气候特征及其变化[J]. 高原气象, 2008, 27(2):82-91. SHI Yuguang, SUN Zhaobo. Climate characteristics of water vapor transportation and its variation over Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2008, 27(2):82-91. (in Chinese)
[35] 史玉光, 杨青, 杨莲梅. 新疆降水与水汽的时空分布及变化研究[M]. 北京:气象出版社, 2014. SHI Yuguang, YANG Qing, YANG Lianmei. 2014. Research on spatiotemporal distribution and variety of precipitation and water vapor in Xinjiang[M]. Beijing:China Meteorological Press, 2014. (in Chinese)
[36] Shi Y F, Shen Y P, Kang E, et al. Recent and future climate change in northwest China[J]. Clim Chang,2007(80):379-393.
[37] 赵兵科, 蔡承侠, 杨莲梅, 等. 新疆夏季变湿的大气环流异常特征[J]. 冰川冻土, 2006, 28(3):434-442. ZHAO Bingke, CAI Chengxia, YANG Lianmei, et al. Atmospheric circulation anomalies during wetting summer over Xinjiang region[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2006, 28(3):434-442. (in Chinese)
[38] 杨莲梅, 张庆云. 新疆北部汛期降水年际和年代际异常的环流特征[J]. 地球物理学报, 2007, 50(2):412-419. YANG Lianmei, ZHANG Qingyun. Circulation characteristics of interannual and interdecadal anomalies of summer rainfall in north Xinjiang[J]. Chinese Journal Geophysics, 2007, 50(2):412-419. (in Chinese)
[39] 黄伟, 陈建徽, 张肖剑, 等. 现代气候条件下降水变化的"西风模态"空间范围及其影响因子初探[J]. 中国科学:地球科学, 2015, 45(4):379-388. HUANG Wei, CHEN Jianhui, ZHANG Xiaojian, et al. Definition of the core zone of the "westerlies-dominated climatic regime", and its controlling factors during the instrumental period[J]. Science China:Earth Sciences, 2015, 45(4):379-388. (in Chinese)
[40] 陈活泼, 孙建奇, 范可. 新疆夏季降水年代际转型的归因分析[J]. 地球物理学报, 2012, 55(6):1844-1851. CHEN Huopo, SUN Jianqi, FAN Ke. Possible mechanism for the interdecadal change of Xinjiang summer precipitation[J]. Chinese Journal Geophysics, 2012, 55(6):1844-1851. (in Chinese)
[41] 敖娟, 孙建奇. 中国西部冬季降水年际与年代际变化的水汽输送差异[J]. 气候与环境研究, 2014, 19(4):497-506. AO Juan, SUN Jianqi. Difference of water vapour transportation in the interannual and decadal variations of winter precipitation over western China[J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2014, 19(4):497-506. (in Chinese)
[42] 杨莲梅, 杨涛, 贾丽红, 等. 新疆大-暴雪过程气候特征及其水汽分析[J]. 冰川冻土, 2005, 27(3):389-396. YANG Lianmei, YANG Tao, JIA Lihong, et al. Analyses of the climate characteristics and water vapor of heavy snow in Xinjiang region[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2005, 27(3):389-396. (in Chinese)
[43] 杨莲梅, 史玉光, 汤浩. 新疆北部冬季降水异常成因分析[J]. 应用气象学报, 2010, 21(4):491-499. YANG Lianmei, SHI Yuguang, TANG Hao. Causes of winter precipitation anomalies in northern Xinjiang[J]. Journal of Applied Meterological Science, 2010, 21(4):491-499. (in Chinese)
[44] 杨莲梅, 史玉光, 汤浩. 新疆春季降水异常的环流和水汽特征[J]. 高原气象, 2010, 29(6):1464-1473. YANG Lianmei, SHI Yuguang, TANG Hao. Characteristics of atmospheric circulation and water vapor for spring precipitation anomaly in Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2010, 29(6):1464-1473. (in Chinese)
[45] 张家宝, 苏起元, 孙沈清, 等. 新疆短期天气预报指导手册[M]. 乌鲁木齐:新疆人民出版社, 1986. ZHANG Jiabao, SU Qiyuan, SUN Shenqing, et al. Guide Handbook on Xinjiang Short-term weather Forecast[M]. Urumqi:Xinjiang People Press, 1986. (in Chinese)
[46] 张家宝, 邓子风. 新疆降水概论[M]. 北京:气象出版社, 1987. ZHANG Jiabao, DENG Zifeng. Introduction of Precipitation in Xinjiang[M]. Beijing:China Meteorological Press, 1987. (in Chinese)
[47] 杨莲梅,张庆云. 北大西洋涛动对新疆夏季降水异常的影响[J]. 大气科学, 2008, 32(5):1187-1196. YANG Lianmei, ZHANG Qingyun. Effects of the north Atlantic oscillation on the summer rainfall anomalies in Xinjiang[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2008, 32(5):1187-1196. (in Chinese)
[48] 杨莲梅, 张庆云. 新疆夏季降水年际变化与亚洲副热带西风急流[J]. 应用气象学报, 2008, 19(2):171-178. YANG Lianmei, ZHANG Qingyun. Interannual variation of summer precipitation in Xinjiang and Asian subtropical westerly jet stream[J]. Journal of Applied Meterological Science, 2008, 19(2):171-179. (in Chinese)
[49] 杨莲梅, 肖开提·多莱特, 张庆云. 新疆夏季降水异常与印度降水关系的研究[J]. 高原气象, 2009, 27(3):564-572. YANG Lianmei, Shavket Dolet, ZHANG Qingyun. Relationships between rainfall anomalies in Xinjiang summer and Indian rainfall[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2009, 27(3):564-572. (in Chinese)
[50] 赵勇, 杨青, 黄安宁. 青藏和伊朗高原热力异常与北疆夏季降水的关系[J]. 气象学报, 2013, 71(4):660-667. ZHAO Yong, YANG Qing, HUANG Anning. Relationships between the anomalies of surface sensible heat in the Tibetan plateau and Iran plateau and summertime precipitation in north Xinjiang[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 2013, 71(4):660-667. (in Chinese)
[51] ZHAO Yong, Anning Huang,YAN Zhou, et al. Impact of the middle and upper troposphere cooling over central asia on the summer rainfall in the tarim basin[J]. China. J Clim, 2014(27):4721-4732.
[52] ZHAO Yong, ZHANG Huqiang. Impacts of SST warming in tropical Indian ocean on CMIP5 model projected summer rainfall changes over Central Asia[J]. Climate Dynamics, 2015, DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2765-0.
[53] ZHAO Yong, Anning Huang, Yang Zhou, et al. The impacts of the summer plateau monsoon over the Tibetan plateau on the Rainfall in the tarim basin, China[J]. Theor Appl Climatol, 2015.
[54] 杨莲梅. 南亚高压突变引起的一次新疆暴雨天气研究[J]. 气象, 2003, 29(8):21-25. YANG Lianmei. Research on a case of heavy rain in Xinjiang from south asia high abnormity[J]. Meteorological Monthly, 2003, 29(8):21-25. (in Chinese)
[55] 张云惠, 王勇. 哈密南部暴雨成因分析[J]. 气象, 2004, 30(7):41-44. ZHANG YunHui, WANG Yong. Analysis of heavy rainfall in southern Hami, Xinjiang[J]. Meteorological Monthly, 2004, 30(7):41-44. (in Chinese)
[56] 孔期, 郑永光, 陈春艳. 乌鲁木齐7·17暴雨的天气尺度与中尺度特征[J]. 应用气象学报, 2011, 22(1):12-22. KONG Qi, ZHENG Yongguang, Chen Chunyan. Synoptic scale and mesoscale characteristics of 7·17 Urumqi heavy rainfall in 2007[J]. Journal of Applied Meterological Science, 2011, 22(1):12-22. (in Chinese)
[57] 杨莲梅, 李霞, 张广兴. 新疆夏季强降水研究若干进展及问题[J]. 气候与环境研究, 2011, 16(2):188-198. YANG Lianmei, LI Xia, ZHANG Guangxing. Some advances and problems in the study of heavy rain in Xinjiang[J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2011, 16(2):188-198. (in Chinese)
[58] 陈春艳, 孔期, 李如琦. 天山北坡一次特大暴雨过程诊断分析[J]. 气象, 2012, 38(1):72-80. CHEN Chunyan, KONG Qi, LI Ruqi. Analysis of a major rainstorm in the north slope of Tianshan mountains[J]. Meteorological Monthly, 2012, 38(1):72-80. (in Chinese)
[59] 杨莲梅, 张云惠, 汤浩. 2007年7月新疆三次暴雨过程水汽特征研究[J]. 高原气象, 2012, 31(4):963-973. YANG Lianmei, ZHANG Yunhui, TANG Hao. Analyses on water vapor characteristics in three heavy rainstorm processes of Xinjiang in July 2007[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2012, 31(4):963-973. (in Chinese)
[60] 祝小梅. 伊犁一次区域性暴雨分析[J]. 沙漠与绿洲气象, 2012, 6(2):49-52. ZHU Xiaomei. Analysis of a regional rainstorm process in Yili[J]. Desert and Oasis Meteorology, 2012, 6(2):49-52. (in Chinese)
[61] 张云惠, 陈春艳, 杨莲梅. 南疆西部一次罕见暴雨过程的成因分析[J]. 高原气象, 2013, 32(1):191-200. ZHANG Yunhui, CHEN Chunyan, YANG Lianmei. Cause analysis on rare rainstorm in west of southern Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2013, 32(1):191-200. (in Chinese)
[62] 张俊兰, 魏荣庆, 杨柳. 2013年南疆2场罕见暴雨落区和强度的对比分析[J]. 沙漠与绿洲气象, 2014, 8(5):1-9. ZHANG Junlan, WEI Rongqing, YANG Liu. Comparative analysis of two rare heavy rainfall area and intensity over the southern Xinjiang in 2013[J]. Desert and Oasis Meteorology, 2014, 8(5):1-9. (in Chinese)
[63] Wei Huang, Song Feng, Jian Hui Chen, et al. Physical mechanisms of summer precipitation variations in the tarim basin in northwestern China[J]. Journal of Climate, 2015, 28(1):3579-3591.
[64] 张云惠, 李海燕, 蔺喜禄, 等. 南疆西部持续性暴雨环流背景及天气尺度的动力过程分析[J]. 气象, 2015, 41(7):816-824. ZHANG Yunhui, LI Haiyan, LIN Xilu. Analysis of continuous rainstorm circulation background and the dynamic process of synoptic scale in west of southern Xinjiang[J]. Meteorological Monthly, 2015, 41(7):816-824. (in Chinese)
[65] 彭军, 周雪英, 赵威, 等. 新疆巴州"6·4"罕见大暴雨中尺度特征分析[J]. 沙漠与绿洲气象, 2016, 10(1):68-75. PENG Jun, ZHOU Xueying, ZHAO Wei, et al. Analysis of characteristics of mesoscale of a rare torrential rain in Bazhou in Xinjiang[J]. Desert and Oasis Meteorology, 2016, 10(1):68-75. (in Chinese)
[66] 郑永光, 张春喜, 陈炯, 等. 用NCEP资料分析华北暖季对流性天气的气候背景[J]. 北京大学学报(自然科学版), 2007, 43(5):600-608. ZHENG Yongguang, ZHANG Chunxi, CHEN Jiong, et al. Climatic background of warm season convective weather in north China based on the NCEP analysis[J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 2007, 43(5):600-608. (in Chinese)
[67] 杨莲梅, 王世杰, 史玉光, 等. 乌鲁木齐夏季强降水过程GPS-PWV的演变特征[J]. 高原气象, 2012, 31(5):1348-1355. YANG Lianmei, WANG Shijie, SHI Yuguang, et al. Evolution feature of precipitable water vapor derived from ground-based GPS during summer heavy precipitation in Urumqi[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2012, 31(5):1348-1355. (in Chinese)
[68] 黄海波, 徐海容. 新疆秋季暴雪天气的诊断分析[J]. 高原气象, 2007, 26(3):624-629. HUANG Haibo, XU Hairong. Diagnostic analysis on a snowstorm event occurred of Xinjiang in fall[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2007, 26(3):624-629. (in Chinese)
[69] 阿依夏木, 孔期, 杨贵名. 2005年11月哈密暴雪天气过程的诊断分析[J]. 气象, 2007, 33(6):67-74. AYI Xiamu, KONG Qi, YANG Guiming. Diagnostic analysis of a snowstorm event in south Hami in November 2005[J]. Meteorological Monthly, 2007, 33(6):67-74. (in Chinese)
[70] 张俊岚, 刘勇达, 杨柳, 等. 2008年初南疆持续性降雪天气过程水汽条件分析[J]. 气象, 2009, 35(11):55-63. ZHANG Junlan, LIU Yongda, YANG Liu, et al. Analyses of water vapor condition for persistent snowfall over the southern Xinjiang basin in early 2008[J]. Meteorological Monthly, 2008, 35(11):55-63. (in Chinese).
[71] 赵俊荣, 郭金强. 天山北坡中部一次罕见特大暴雪天气成因[J]. 干旱气象, 2010, 28(4):438-442. ZHAO Junrong, GUO Jinjiang. Diagnosis of a torrential snowfall weather occurred on the north slope of Tianshan mountain in February of 2010[J]. Journal of Arid Meteorology, 2010, 28(4):438-442. (in Chinese)
[72] 陈涛, 崔彩霞. "2010.1.6"新疆北部特大暴雪过程中的锋面结构及降水机制[J]. 气象, 2012, 38(8):921-931. CHEN Tao, CUI Caixia. The frontal structure and precipitation mechanism in the 6 January 2010 heavy snowfall event happening in north Xinjiang[J]. Meteorological Monthly, 2012, 38(8):921-931. (in Chinese)
[73] 张俊岚, 崔彩霞, 陈春艳. 北疆典型暴雪天气的水汽特征研究[J]. 高原气象, 2013, 32(4):1115-1125. ZHANG Junlan, CUI Caixia, CHEN Chunyan. Study on water vapor characteristic of typical heavy snowstorm case in northern Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2013, 32(4):1115-1125. (in Chinese)
[74] 赵俊荣, 杨雪. 一次致灾大暴雪的多尺度系统配置及落区分析[J]. 高原气象, 2013, 32(1):201-210. ZHAO Junrong, YANG Xue. Analyses on multi-scale system configuration and district of a disaster snowstorm[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2013, 32(1):201-210. (in Chinese)
[75] 安冬亮, 赵俊荣. 新疆天山中部一次暴雪天气诊断分析[J]. 干旱区研究, 2013, 30(3):470-476. AN Dongliang, ZHAO Junrong. An infrequent snowstorm weather over the central Tianshan mountains in Xinjiang[J]. Arid Zone Research, 2013, 30(3):470-476. (in Chinese)
[76] 杨霞. 新疆暖区暴雪天气研究概述[J]. 沙漠与绿洲气象, 2013, 7(4):21-25. YANG Xia. Review on warm sector heavy snow weather in Xinjiang[J]. Desert and Oasis Meteorology, 2013, 7(4):21-25. (in Chinese)
[77] 巴哈古力·买买提. 2011年春季新疆巴州地区局地暴雪过程的分析[J]. 沙漠与绿洲气象, 2013, 7(1):28-32. Bahaguli·Maimaiti. An Analysis of a blizzard episode in the Baingolin mongol autonomous prefecture in spring of 2011[J]. Desert and Oasis Meteorology, 2013, 7(1):28-32. (in Chinese)
[78] 陈春艳. 2012年3月新疆大范围暴雨雪天气诊断分析[J]. 沙漠与绿洲气象, 2014, 8(2):12-18. CHEN Chunyan. Diagnosis analysis of wide range rainstorm and snowstorm occurred in Xinjiang from March in 2007[J]. Desert and Oasis Meteorology, 2014, 8(2):12-18. (in Chinese)
[79] 李圆圆, 肖开提·多莱特, 杨莲梅, 等. 一次中亚低涡造成的新疆暴雪天气过程分析[J]. 气象科学, 2014, 34(3):299-304. LI Yuanyuan, Shavket Dolet, YANG Lianmei, et al. 2014. Analysis on a heavy snow by central asian vortex in Xinjiang[J]. Journal of the Meteorological Sciences, 34(3):299-304. (in Chinese)
[80] 杨霞, 张云惠, 赵逸舟, 等. 南疆西部一次罕见大暴雪过程分析[J]. 高原气象, 2015, 34(5):1414-1423. YANG Xia, ZHANG Yunhui, ZHAO Yizhou, et al. Analysis on rare snowstorm in west of southern Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2015, 34(5):1414-1423. (in Chinese)
[81] 李如琦, 唐冶, 肉孜·阿基. 2010年新疆北部暴雪异常的环流和水汽特征分析[J]. 高原气象, 2015, 34(1):155-162. LI Ruqi, TANG Ye, Rouzi Aji. Atmospheric circulation and water vapor characteristics of snowstorm anomalies in northern Xinjiang in 2010[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2015, 34(1):155-162. (in Chinese)
[82] 李曼, 杨莲梅, 张云惠. 一次中亚低涡的动力热力结构及演变特征[J]. 高原气象, 2015, 34(6):1711-1720. LI Man, YANG Lianmei, ZHANG Yunhui. Dynamic and thermal structure and evolution characteristics of a Central Asian vortex[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2015, 34(6):1711-1720. (in Chinese)
[83] 杨莲梅, 刘雯. 新疆北部持续性暴雪过程成因分析[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(2):507-519. YANG Lianmei, LIU Wen. Cause analysis of persistent heavy snow processes in the northern Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2016, 35(2):507-519. (in Chinese)
[84] 张云惠, 于碧馨, 谭艳梅, 等. 乌鲁木齐一次极端暴雪事件中尺度分析[J]. 气象科技, 2016, 44(3):430-438. ZHANG Yunhui, YU Bixin, TAN Yanmei, et al. Mesoscale analysis of an extreme blizzard in Urumqi[J]. Meteorological Science and Technology, 2016, 44(3):430-438. (in Chinese)
[85] 庄晓翠, 崔彩霞, 李博渊. 新疆北部暖区强降雪中尺度环境与落区分析[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(1):129-142. ZHUANG Xiaocui, CUI Caixia, LI Boyuan. Analysis of warm zone mesoscale environmental and heavy snowfall drop zone in northern Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2016, 35(1):129-142. (in Chinese)
[86] 庄晓翠, 李博渊, 陈春艳. 新疆北部一次暖区与冷锋暴雪并存的天气过程分析[J]. 气候与环境研究, 2016, 21(1):17-28. ZHUANG Xiaocui, LI Boyuan, CHEN Chunyan. Analysis of a snowstorm weather process in a coexisting warm area and cold front in northern Xinjiang[J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2016, 21(1):17-28. (in Chinese)
[87] 李曼, 杨莲梅, 赵玲. 天山山区一次强降雪过程GPS可降水量分析[J]. 干旱区研究, 2014, 31(4):915-921. LI Man, YANG Lianmei, ZHAO Ling. Snowfall derived from ground-based GPS in a heavy snowfall process in the Tianshan mountains[J]. Arid Zone Research, 2014, 31(4):915-921. (in Chinese)
[88] 杨莲梅, 杨涛. 阿克苏北部绿洲强对流暴雨与冰雹对比分析[J]. 干旱气象, 2004, 22(2):11-16. YANG Lianmei, YANG Tao. Comparative analysis of severe convective rainstorm and hail in north oasis of AKESU[J]. Journal of Arid Meteorology, 2004, 22(2):11-16. (in Chinese)
[89] 杨莲梅, 张广兴. 阿克苏北部绿洲强对流暴雨与冰雹红外云图特征对比分析[J]. 干旱气象, 2004, 22(3):22-25. YANG Lianmei, ZHANG Guangxing. Infrared satellite image analysis of severe convective rainstorm and ha in north oasis of AKESU[J]. Journal of Arid Meteorology, 2004, 22(3):22-25. (in Chinese)
[90] 赵俊荣, 晋绿生, 郭金强, 等. 天山北坡中部一次强对流天气中小尺度系统特征分析[J]. 高原气象, 2009, 28(5):1044-1050. ZHAO Junrong, JIN Lusheng, GUO Jinqiang, et al. Analysis of meso-small scale system charactertistics of a severe convective weather on north slope of Tianshan,Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2009, 28(5):1044-1050. (in Chinese)
[91] 杨霞, 李云, 赵逸舟, 等. 新疆一次深秋局地短时大暴雨的成因分析[J]. 高原气象, 2014, 33(1):162-170. YANG Xia, LI Yun, ZHAO Yizhou, et al. Analysis of a brief torrential rain event in autumn in Xinjiang[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2014, 33(1):162-170. (in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]孙桂丽,陈亚宁,李卫红,等.新疆极端水文事件的时空分布特征[J].自然灾害学报,2012,(03):119.
 SUN Guili,CHEN Yaning,LI Weihong,et al.Spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of extreme hydrological events in Xinjiang[J].,2012,(02):119.
[2]热苏力·阿不拉,牛生杰,王红岩.新疆冰雹时空分布特征分析[J].自然灾害学报,2013,(02):158.
 Resuli Abula,NIU Shengjie,WANG Hongyan.Spatial temporal distribution characteristics of hail in Xinjiang[J].,2013,(02):158.
[3]孙永猛,丁建丽,瞿娟.软硬分类方法结合提取新疆北部地区MODIS积雪信息[J].自然灾害学报,2013,(03):076.
 SUN Yongmeng,DING Jianli,QU Juan.Extract of MODIS snow accumulation information in north Xinjiang using combined hard and soft classification method[J].,2013,(02):076.
[4]裴欢,房世峰,覃志豪,等.基于遥感的新疆北疆积雪盖度及雪深监测[J].自然灾害学报,2008,(05):052.
 PEI Huan,FANG Shi-feng,QIN Zhi-hao,et al.Remote sensing-based monitoring of coverage and depth of snow in northern Xinjiang[J].,2008,(02):052.
[5]张飞,塔西甫拉提·特依拜,丁建丽,等.干旱区土壤盐渍化及其对生态环境的损害评估——以新疆沙雅县为例[J].自然灾害学报,2009,(04):055.
 ZHANG Fei,Tashpolat·Tiyip,DING Jian-li,et al.Soil salinization in arid area and its economic loss evaluation of eco-environmental damages:a case of Shaya County in Xinjiang[J].,2009,(02):055.
[6]李锰,谭明,刘志坚,等.未来10年新疆地震灾害损失特征及减灾效果评价[J].自然灾害学报,2014,(04):073.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0411]
 LI Meng,TAN Ming,LIU Zhijian,et al.Characteristics and reduction effect evaluation of earthquake disaster losses in Xinjiang in the future 10 years[J].,2014,(02):073.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0411]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-05-12;改回日期:2017-07-06。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41565003);科技部公益性行业科研专项(GYHY201506009);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金项目(IDM2016001)
作者简介:杨莲梅(1969-),女,研究员,博士,主要从事灾害性天气研究.E-mail:yanglm@idm.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01