[1]蒋祺,郑伯红.城市雨洪调蓄空间对洪涝灾害影响研究——以长沙市2017年洪涝灾害为例[J].自然灾害学报,2018,(03):029-38.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0304]
 JIANG Qi,ZHENG Bohong.Study on the influence of urban stormwater detention and retention space on flood disaster——Case study of flood disaster in Changsha, 2017[J].,2018,(03):029-38.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0304]
点击复制

城市雨洪调蓄空间对洪涝灾害影响研究——以长沙市2017年洪涝灾害为例
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
029-38
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-06-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on the influence of urban stormwater detention and retention space on flood disaster——Case study of flood disaster in Changsha, 2017
作者:
蒋祺12 郑伯红1
1. 中南大学 建筑与艺术学院, 湖南 长沙 410075;
2. 长沙市规划勘测设计研究院, 湖南 长沙 410007
Author(s):
JIANG Qi12 ZHENG Bohong1
1. School of Architecture and Art, Central South Univercity,Changsha 410075, China;
2. Changsha City Planning Survey and Design Institute,Changsha 410007, China
关键词:
雨洪调蓄空间洪涝灾害水生态长沙市
Keywords:
stormwater detention and retentionspacefloodswater ecologicalChangsha City
分类号:
TU988.4;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0304
摘要:
洪涝灾害是城市最主要又频繁发生的自然灾害之一,城市雨洪调蓄空间对降低洪涝灾害有着重要作用。在梳理、构架雨洪调蓄空间层次后,分析长沙市2017年超历史暴雨洪水期间不同尺度雨洪调蓄空间对洪涝灾害造成的影响,发现造成洪涝灾害的主要原因包括快速城市化改变了城市用地下垫面,影响了当地雨洪径流形成条件;公园水体未纳入防洪排涝系统,未能发挥其应有的调蓄功能;城市水系、垸子生态环境变化,减少了蓄滞洪空间。并针对各层次雨洪调蓄空间提出了不同的空间构建策略,以期对我国城市防洪排涝策略从工程措施向土地利用规划软措施转变、从传统防洪排涝观念到水生态文明防洪排涝观念转变提供经验和参考。
Abstract:
Flood disaster is one of the most important and frequent natural disasters in cities, and urban stormwater detention and retention space has an important role in reducing flood disaster. After combing and structuring the level of stormwater detention and retention space, this study analyses of the impacts of stormwater detention and retention space with different scales on flood disaster caused by the ultra-historical storm flood in 2017 in Changsha. It is found that the accelerated pace of urbanization has changed the underlying surface and affected the conditions for the formation of rainstorm runoff in the area;park water is not included in flood control and drainage system, and therefor, failed to play its proper function of regulation and storage; urban water system, embankment ecological environment changes, reducing flood storage space, are important causes of floods. This paper proposes different strategies for space building for urban stormwater detention and retention at different levels in order to provide experience and suggestions for the transition of urban flood control and drainage strategy from engineering measures to land use planning soft measures and from the concept of traditional flood control and drainage to the idea of flood control and waterlogging in water ecological civilization.

参考文献/References:

[1] 史培军. 五论灾害系统研究的理论与实践[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2009, 18(5):1-9. SHI Peijun. Theory and practice on disaster system research in a fifth time[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2009, 18(5):1-9. (in Chinese)
[2] 包志毅, 陈波. 城市绿地系统建设与城市减灾防灾[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2004, 13(2):155-160. BAO Zhiyi, CHEN Bo. Construction of urban green space system and reduction and prevention of urban disaster[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2004, 13(2):155-160. (in Chinese)
[3] 代斌. 城市化对海河天津段防洪排涝影响的研究[D]. 南京:河海大学, 2005. DAI Bin. Study on the Influence of City’s Development on Flood Prevention and Water-log Draining of the Segment of Haihe River at Tianjin[D]. Hohai University, 2005. (in Chinese)
[4] James C Schwab, Paula L Gori, Sanjay Jeer.Landslide Hazards and Planning[R]. American Planning Association & USGS, Planning Advisory Service Report Number, 533-534.
[5] Zezere J L, Ferreira A B, Rodrigues M I. Land-slides in the North of lisbon region (portugal):conditioning and triggering factors[J]. Solid Earth and Geodesy, 1999, 24(10):925-934.
[6] Marno Sorriso-Valvo. Landslide Risk Assessment in Italy[M]//Thomas Glade, Malcolin Anderson, Michael J Crozier. Landslide Hazard and Risk. John Wiley & Sons,Ltd., 2004:699-732.
[7] Sante I R, Crecente R M. A review of rural land-use planning models[J]. Environment & Planning B:Planning & Design, 2006, 33(2):165-183.
[8] Olivier Latelin, Christoph Haemmig, Hugo Raetzo, et al. Landslide Risk Management in Switzerland[M]. Springer-Verlag, 2005.
[9] Christophe Flez, Philippe Lahousse. Recent evolution of natural hazard management policy in France, the example of Serre-Chevalier (French Alps)[J].Environmental Management, 2004, 34(3):353-362.
[10] 滕五晓. 试论防灾规划与灾害管理体制的建立[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2004, 13(3):1-7. TENG Wuxiao. On establishment of disaster prevention plan and emergency management system[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2004, 13(3):1-7. (in Chinese)
[11] 张丽君. 从土地利用规划入手提高地质灾害的防治水平-兼议地质灾害风险区划的急迫性与重要性[J]. 地质通报, 2009, 28(2/3):343-347. ZHANG Lijun. Start with land use planning, improve the prevention and cure of geological hazards-concurrently discuss the urgency and importance of regionalization of risk of geological disasters[J]. Geologcal Bulletin of China, 2009, 28(2/3):343-347. (in Chinese)
[12] 王发明. 基于水循环平衡的城市内涝根源探析——以南宁市为例[J]. 城市问题, 2012, 204(7):38-43. WANG Mingfa. Urban waterlogging roots based on water cycle equilibrium——The case of Nanning[J].Urban Problems, 2012, 204(7):38-43. (in Chinese)
[13] 聂蕊. 城市空间对洪涝灾害的影响、风险评估及减灾应对策略——以日本东京为例[J]. 城市规划学刊, 2012, 204(6):79-85. NIE Rui. A study on effects of urban space on flood mitigation——The case of Tokyo[J].Urban Planning Forum, 2012, 204(6):79-85. (in Chinese)
[14] 韦仕川, 栾乔林, 黄朝明, 等. 以土地规划为基础的地质灾害防治综合规划体系框架的构建[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2015, 24(4):36-44. WEI Shichuan, LUAN Qiaolin, HUANG Chaoming, et al. Land planning-based establishment of comprehensive planning system framework of geological disaster prevention and control[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2015, 24(4):36-44. (in Chinese)
[15] 刘勇, 柳林, 王先伟, 等. 建筑物在减轻城市洪涝灾害中的作用分析[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2015, 24(5):68-74. LIU Yong, LIU Lin, WANG Xianwei, et al. Analysis of building performance in the reduction of waterlogging disasters[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2015, 24(5):68-74. (in Chinese)
[16] 王瑛, 刘天雪, 李体上, 等. 中国中小型自然灾害的空间格局研究——以地震、洪涝、旱灾为例[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2017, 26(4):48-55. WANG Ying, LIU Tianxue, LI Tishang, et al. Study on spatial pattern of small and medium sized natural disasters in China:a case of earthquake, flood and drought[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2017, 26(4):48-55. (in Chinese)
[17] 住房和城乡建设部. 海绵城市建设技术指南——低影响开发雨水系统构建[R]. 2014. MOHURD. Technical Guides of Sponge City Development——Low Impact Development of Rainwater System[R]. 2014. (in Chinese)
[18] 车伍, 武彦杰, 杨正, 等. 海绵城市建设指南解读之城市雨洪调蓄系统的合理构建[J]. 中国给水排水, 2015, 31(8):13-23. CHE Wu, WU Yanjie, YANG Zheng, et al. Explanation of sponge city development technical guide:rational building of urban stormwater detention and retention system[J]. China Water & Wastewater, 2017, 26(4):48-55. (in Chinese)
[19] 仇保兴. 海绵城市(LID)的内涵、途径与展望[J]. 建设科技, 2015(1):11-18. QIU Baoxing. The connotation, way and expectation of sponge city(LID)[J]. Construction Science and Technology, 2015(1):11-18. (in Chinese)
[20] 张伟, 车伍, 王建龙, 等. 利用绿色基础设施控制城市雨水径流[J]. 中国给水排水, 2011, 27(4):22-27. ZHANG Wei, CHE Wu, WANG Jianlong, et al. Management of urban storm water runoff by green infrastructures[J]. China Water & Wastewater, 2011, 27(4):22-27. (in Chinese)
[21] 朱政, 郑伯红, 贺清云. 城市暴雨灾害的影响程度及对策研究——以长沙市为例[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2011, 20(3):105-112. ZHU Zheng, ZHENG Bohong, HE Qingyun. Study on effects extent and resistant methods of urban rainstorm disasters:A case of Changsha City[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2011, 20(3):105-112. (in Chinese)

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-12-11;改回日期:2018-02-13。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51478470)
作者简介:蒋祺(1980-),男,博士研究生,主要从事工程规划研究.E-mail:13348726@qq.com
通讯作者:郑伯红(1966-),男,教授,博士,博士生导师,主要从事生态规划与区域规划研究.E-mail:2543930211t@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01