[1]于汐,薄景山,唐彦东.重大岩土工程可接受风险标准研究[J].自然灾害学报,2018,(03):056-67.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0307]
 YU Xi,BO Jingshan,TANG Yandong.Study on risk acceptance criteria of major geotechnical project[J].,2018,(03):056-67.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0307]
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重大岩土工程可接受风险标准研究
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
056-67
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-06-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on risk acceptance criteria of major geotechnical project
作者:
于汐12 薄景山1 唐彦东1
1. 防灾科技学院, 河北 三河 065201;
2. 中国地震局工程力学研究所, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080
Author(s):
YU Xi12 BO Jingshan1 TANG Yandong1
1. Institute of Disaster Prevention, Sanhe 065201,China;
2. Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration, Harbin 150090, China
关键词:
重大岩土工程可接受风险标准风险可容忍标准风险决策
Keywords:
major geotechnical projectrisk acceptance criteriarisk tolerance criteriarisk decision-making
分类号:
TU311;P315.9;X9
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0307
摘要:
风险评价是重大岩土工程科学决策的重要依据,可接受风险标准是预先制定评价风险是否接受的判断依据。本文分析了重大岩土工程可接受风险的影响因素,给出了可接受风险标准确定的基本原则和方法,总结可接受风险标准的确定依据。在系统梳理和总结了国内外可接受风险标准的理论与实践成果基础上,本文综合考虑我国国情、社会经济的发展水平以及重大岩土工程建设水平,结合实际调查问卷统计数据,基于社会有效性和公共安全角度,给出我国重大岩土工程个人生命可接受风险标准建议值,绘制社会生命可接受风险标准FN曲线和经济可接受风险标准FD曲线,根据生活质量指数(LQI)和生命统计价值(VSL)模型计算减轻生命风险公共决策的成本标准,给出社会稳定与环境可接受风险等级标准,为重大岩土工程风险决策提供参考。
Abstract:
Risk evaluation is an important basis for scientific decision-making for major geotechnical projece. Risk acceptance criteria are the basis for judging whether the risk is accepted or not. This article analyzes the influencing factors of risk acceptance criteria for major geotechnical projecet,summerizes the basic principles and methods of determining the risk acceptance criteria, and the determination basis of the criteria of acceptable risk. Based on summing up the theory and practice of the research achievements of risk acceptance criteria, fully considering the situation of our country, the social and economic development level,as well as major geotechnical engineering construction level,combined with the actual survey data, from the perspective of the social validity and the public safety,this article gives the recommended value of the risk acceptance criteria of individual life,drawes the risk acceptance criteria FN curve of social life and the risk acceptance criteria FD curve of economic,calculates the cost criterion for public decision-making to mitigate the risk of life according to the modern theory of LOI and VSL, proposes the acceptable risk level of social stability and environmental criteria, to provide reference for risk decision-making major geotechnical projects.

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相似文献/References:

[1]于汐,薄景山.重大岩土工程风险评估研究现状[J].自然灾害学报,2015,(03):012.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0302]
 YU Xi,BO Jingshan.Review of risk assessment of major geotechnical project[J].,2015,(03):012.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0302]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-11-01;改回日期:2018-02-04。
基金项目:河北省重点研发计划自筹项目(15275412);中央高校基本科研业务专项资金项目(ZY20160103)
作者简介:于汐(1971-),女,副教授,博士研究生,主要从事岩土工程风险评估与管理研究.E-mail:puyuxi@126.com
通讯作者:薄景山(1958-),男,教授,博士,主要从事岩土工程抗震研究.E-mail:bojingshan@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01