[1]郭建茂,王阳阳,李淑婷,等.台站气温推算稻田温度及其对水稻高温热害的评判[J].自然灾害学报,2018,(03):162-171.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0319]
 GUO Jianmao,WANG Yangyang,LI Shuting,et al.Calculation of rice field temperature based on station temperature and its evaluation on heat injury of rice[J].,2018,(03):162-171.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0319]
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台站气温推算稻田温度及其对水稻高温热害的评判
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
162-171
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-06-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Calculation of rice field temperature based on station temperature and its evaluation on heat injury of rice
作者:
郭建茂12 王阳阳2 李淑婷2 高云峰2 白玛仁增2
1. 南京信息工程大学气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心/江苏省农业气象重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210044;
2. 南京信息工程大学 应用气象学院, 江苏 南京 210044
Author(s):
GUO Jianmao12 WANG Yangyang2 LI Shuting2 GAO Yunfeng2 Pema Rigzin2
1. Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters of Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology/Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Agricultural Meteorology, Nanjing 210044, China;
2. College of Applied Meteorology, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
关键词:
台站稻田温度推算回归分析昼夜高温热害
Keywords:
stationrice fieldtemperature calculationregression analysisday and nightheat injury
分类号:
S511;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0319
摘要:
水稻是我国三大主粮之一,水稻的旺盛生长时期正值夏季,常遭遇高温天气而受害,为水稻生产的主要农业气象灾害之一,为了及时掌握稻田高温热害的发生状况,以利于迅速采取应对措施以避免和减轻损失,本文提出了用台站气温推算稻田温度进而评判高温热害的思路和方法。利用寿县气象站2016年7月~10月台站气象数据和同步水稻田间温度数据,通过多元回归分析分别建立昼夜时段台站与稻田冠层及稻田中部温度的模拟关系式,选出最优推算方法并进行检验,结果表明模拟效果总体较好。在当年的高温时段对推算方法进行了试用,研究发现推算温度均比台站温度更接近稻田实测温度,依据推算温度判断的水稻高温热害情况也比利用台站温度的判断更符合稻田实际受害的情况,表明本方法在水稻高温热害的判断的应用上很有必要,具有较好的推广价值和应用前景。
Abstract:
Rice is one of three main grain crops in China, the exuberant growth period of rice is in summer and the rice is often injured by high temperature, which is one of the major agricultural meteorological disasters for rice production. In order to determine the occurrence of heat injury in rice field and take measures to avoid or decrease the loss of heat injury in time, this study put forward the idea and method of calculating rice field temperature by using station temperature to judge the heat injury. The raw data was meteorological data of the station and the synchronous recorded temperature data of rice field from July to October 2016 in Shouxian weather station, the mathematical model between the station temperature and the temperature data of the rice field in canopy and middle was established respectively in the day and night through the multiple regression analysis, then the optical calculation model was selected and tested, the results showed that the simulation effect was good generally. The calculation model was tested during the high temperature period in that year, and then found that the temperature calculated by the optimal model of the rice field was closer to the measured temperature than the station temperature, judgment of the heat injury situation according to the calculated temperature was more in line with the actual situation of rice field than station temperature, these findings proved that the calculation model of temperature is necessary for the determination of heat injury, and has fair popularization value and application prospect.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-10-23;改回日期:2017-12-01。
基金项目:江苏省重点研发计划(现代农业)项目(BE2015365);公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201506018);江苏省农业气象重点实验室基金(KYQ201304);河南省农业气象保障与应用技术重点实验室基金课题(AMF201401)
作者简介:郭建茂(1968-),男,副教授,博士,主要从事农业遥感和作物生长模拟研究.E-mail:001878@nuist.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01