[1]王茜,杨小柳,徐超伟,等.基于土地利用的城市内涝交通风险评价[J].自然灾害学报,2018,(05):197-204.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0522]
 WANG Xi,YANG Xiaoliu,XU Chaowei,et al.Landuse-based analysis of waterlogging traffic risk[J].,2018,(05):197-204.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0522]
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基于土地利用的城市内涝交通风险评价
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
197-204
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-10-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Landuse-based analysis of waterlogging traffic risk
作者:
王茜1 杨小柳1 徐超伟1 刘占衍2
1. 北京大学 城市与环境学院, 北京 100871;
2. 河北省邯郸水文水资源勘测局, 河北 邯郸 056001
Author(s):
WANG Xi1 YANG Xiaoliu1 XU Chaowei1 LIU Zhanyan2
1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
2. Handan Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau of Hebei Province, Handan 056001, China
关键词:
城市雨洪管理内涝交通风险土地利用城市水安全SWMM模型
Keywords:
urban storm water managementwaterlogging traffic riskland useurban water securitySWMM model
分类号:
TU4;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2018.0522
摘要:
近年来,我国城市内涝灾害频发,对城市交通造成了巨大的负面影响。以邯郸市为研究对象,使用空间分析软件Arcgis处理其土地利用数据,将处理过的空间属性数据输入城市暴雨管理模型SWMM,模拟城市雨洪过程,计算城市区域淹没水量,并实现其可视化,绘制不同降雨条件下的邯郸市内涝交通风险等级分布图,并进一步对内涝区域的分布特征进行分析。分析结果表明,邯郸市内涝严重区域的面积随降雨强度增大急剧增加,邯郸市现有排水体系的内涝防治系统无法应对当前20年一遇的洪涝灾情,城市路口的内涝交通风险高于当地平均风险水平。基于此,本文提出改变地表覆被情况、增设蓄水池、改善城市排水系统等可行性建议,对内涝风险灾害预警及其防治具有一定的借鉴和参考价值。
Abstract:
Recently, frequent urban water logging disasters have caused a serious threat to the traffic. Thus a simulation model of the urban water logging condition is developed based on the data of DEM terrain, precipitation distribution and land use classification. The simulation result is visualized based on ArcGIS. The result shows that high waterlogging traffic risk area is more sensitive to the rainfall variation, the existing sewer projects in study area cannot resist the flood occurred every twenty years, and the risk of the main junctions area is higher. Accordingly, we develop some effective recommendations, such as adding water storage facilities like ponds, tanks and reservoirs, and restoring the land cover.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-02-05;改回日期:2018-07-06。
基金项目:水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2014ZX07203-008);国家自然科学基金项目(41471017)
作者简介:王茜(1991-),女,博士研究生,主要从事城市暴雨资源管理研究.E-mail:pkuwangx@pku.edu.cn
通讯作者:杨小柳(1958-),男,教授,博士,主要从事流域综合管理研究.E-mail:xlyang11@pku.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01