[1]曹茹,陈浩.宝鸡市冰雹灾害风险区划研究[J].自然灾害学报,2019,28(02):145-152.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0216]
 CAO Ru,CHEN Hao.Study on the risk zoning of hail disaster in Baoji[J].,2019,28(02):145-152.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0216]
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宝鸡市冰雹灾害风险区划研究
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
28
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
145-152
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on the risk zoning of hail disaster in Baoji
作者:
曹茹12 陈浩12
1. 宝鸡文理学院 地理与环境学院, 陕西 宝鸡 721013;
2. 陕西省灾害监测与机理模拟重点实验室, 陕西 宝鸡 721013
Author(s):
CAO Ru12 CHEN Hao12
1. School of Geography and Environment, Baoji University of Arts and Sciences, Baoji 721013, China;
2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Disasters Monitoring and Mechanism Simulation, Baoji 721013, China
关键词:
冰雹灾害风险区划宝鸡地区
Keywords:
hail disasterrisk zoningBaoji city
分类号:
S427;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0216
摘要:
采用宝鸡12个县区1961—2016年的降雹资料、防雹炮点分布和耕地防护资料,结合宝鸡市DEM高程、地貌类型、土地利用分布等地理信息基础数据;人口密度、经济密度、各县市农业人口占比、耕地面积占比、农业生产总值占比、人均GDP等社会经济资料;选取致灾因子危险性、承灾体暴露度和承灾体脆弱性3个评价因子,利用ArcGIS的空间栅格计算、自然间断分类和图斑合并等功能进行宝鸡市冰雹灾害风险区划研究。结果表明:宝鸡市冰雹灾害风险以中、高度风险区为主,多出现在北部低山区和台塬区,其中陇县雹灾风险指数最大,城市中心区以及南部高山区以低风险区为主。
Abstract:
In this paper, multiple data sources were used to carry out the risk zoning of hail disaster in Baoji. The collected data include hail records of 12 counties of Baoji during 1961-2016, anti-hail canon stations, records of cultivated land protected by canons, DEM, landform type, land use, population density, economic density, proportion of agricultural population in each county, proportion of cultivated land area, proportion of agricultural production and per capita GDP. The risk level of disaster-inducing factors, the exposure of disaster bearing body and the vulnerability of disaster bearing body were selected as evaluation factors and the indices system of evaluation factors were based on the collected data. Grid computing, classification and spot merging of ArcGIS software were used to generate the final zoning map. Results show that hail disaster in Baoji is mainly at middle and high risk level. Serious disaster generally occurs in the northern low mountain area and the tableland area, among which Longxian has the highest risk level. The central urban area and the southern alpine region are mainly at low risk level.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-05-13;改回日期:2018-06-18。
基金项目:陕西省科技统筹创新工程计划项目(2016KTCL03-17);陕西省教育厅重点实验室项目(16JS006);宝鸡文理学院博士启动项目(ZK16065)
作者简介:曹茹(1994-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事气象灾害风险区划研究.E-mail:1813940050@qq.com
通讯作者:陈浩(1978-),男,讲师,博士,主要从事降水与气象灾害研究.E-mail:chenhao@bjwlxy.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01