[1]陆新征,程庆乐,孙楚津,等.基于动力弹塑性时程分析和实测地面运动的地震破坏力速报系统[J].自然灾害学报,2019,28(03):034-43.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0305]
 LU Xinzheng,CHENG Qingle,SUN Chujin,et al.A rapid reporting system of earthquake destructive power based on the nonlinear time-history analysis and actual ground motion records[J].,2019,28(03):034-43.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0305]
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基于动力弹塑性时程分析和实测地面运动的地震破坏力速报系统
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
28
期数:
2019年03期
页码:
034-43
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-06-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
A rapid reporting system of earthquake destructive power based on the nonlinear time-history analysis and actual ground motion records
作者:
陆新征1 程庆乐2 孙楚津2 顾栋炼2 许镇3
1. 土木工程安全与耐久教育部重点试验室, 清华大学土木工程系, 北京 100084;
2. 清华大学北京市钢与 混凝土组合结构工程技术研究中心, 北京 100084;
3. 北京科技大学 土木与资源学院, 北京 100083
Author(s):
LU Xinzheng1 CHENG Qingle2 SUN Chujin2 GU Donglian2 XU Zhen3
1. Key Laboratory of Civil Engineering Safety and Durability of China Education Ministry, Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Beijing Engineering Research Center of Steel and Concrete Composite Structures, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
3. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
区域震害分析地震破坏力分析台站记录速报弹塑性时程分析
Keywords:
regional seismic damage analysisearthquake destructive power analysisrecords of seismic stationsrapid reportingnonlinear time-history analysis
分类号:
P315.9;TU311.3;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0305
摘要:
地震后准确快速地评估建筑物的破坏情况对抗震救灾有着重要意义。本文基于动力弹塑性时程分析和实测地面运动记录,提出了一套近实时的地震破坏力分析评价方法并开发了相应的系统。该方法通过地震台站获取发震地区实测地面运动记录,将实测地面运动记录输入到典型单体建筑的有限元模型和发震区域典型的建筑群模型中,对其进行动力弹塑性时程分析,根据分析结果评价该次地震对典型单体建筑和目标区域建筑的破坏情况。本文所提出的方法在多次地震中得到应用,主要结论如下:(1)本文建议的方法基于实测地面运动记录,能较好地解决地震输入的不确定性问题;(2)该方法基于动力弹塑性时程分析,可以充分考虑地震动的幅值、频谱和持时特征以及不同建筑物的刚度、强度和变形特征;(3)本文建议的方法对典型单体建筑物和目标区域进行分析,可以评价地震对典型建筑物和目标区域建筑群的破坏能力;(4)本文所建议的近实时地震破坏力评价方法及相应的地震破坏力速报系统,在地震发生后短时间内给出地震破坏力评估结果,为科学制定抗震救灾决策和普及公众防灾减灾知识提供了有力手段。
Abstract:
Accurate and rapid assessment of building seismic damage after the earthquake is of great significance to earthquake disaster relief. Based on the nonlinear time-history analysis and actual ground motion records, a near-real-time building seismic damage evaluation method is proposed and a corresponding evaluation system is developed in this work. In this method, the actual ground motion records obtained from seismic stations are input into the finite element models of typical buildings and the typical regional building models of the earthquake-stricken area, and the nonlinear time-history analysis of these models is performed subsequently. The seismic damage of typical buildings and target regional buildings subjected to this earthquake is evaluated according to the analysis result. The method proposed in this work has been applied in many earthquake events. The main conclusions are as follows:(1) The uncertainty problem of ground motion input is solved properly with the proposed method based on actual ground motion records; (2) The amplitude, spectrum and duration characters of ground motions as well as the stiffness, strength and deformation characters of different buildings are fully considered in this method based on the nonlinear time-history analysis; (3) Typical buildings and target regional buildings are analyzed in this method, thus the seismic damage of those single or regional buildings can be evaluated; (4) Using the near-real-time building seismic damage evaluation method and the corresponding rapid reporting system, the evaluation of the earthquake destructive power can be obtained shortly after the earthquake event, which provides a useful reference for scientific decision making of earthquake disaster relief and popularizing the disaster mitigation knowledge.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-07-17;改回日期:2019-01-15。
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0702902)
作者简介:陆新征(1978-),男,教授,博士,主要从事结构非线性仿真及防灾减灾研究.E-mail:luxz@tsinghua.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01