[1]孙忠,运迎霞.天津市中心城区内涝减缓策略研究[J].自然灾害学报,2019,28(04):090-99.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0410]
 SUN Zhong,YUN Yingxia.Study on strategy of waterlogging mitigation in Tianjin downtown area[J].,2019,28(04):090-99.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0410]
点击复制

天津市中心城区内涝减缓策略研究
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
28
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
090-99
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-08-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on strategy of waterlogging mitigation in Tianjin downtown area
作者:
孙忠 运迎霞
天津大学 建筑学院, 天津 300072
Author(s):
SUN Zhong YUN Yingxia
School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
关键词:
城市内涝强降雨海绵城市智慧城市城市双修
Keywords:
urban waterloggingheavy rainfallthe sponge citythe smart citythe patchwork urbanism
分类号:
X523;TU4;X948
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0410
摘要:
天津市中心城区内涝灾害频发,为减缓城市内涝灾害威胁,提出利用工程和非工程相结合的方法减缓城市内涝。在工程措施改造时,首先,加快海绵城市和城市双修建设,从大中小3个尺度对城市开敞空间改造,建设城市蓄水及渗水空间,从源头控制排水量,减缓城市径流;建设完善的排水管网、划定合理排水分区、提高城市排水标准、设置单向排水出口,建设水闸及排水泵站,实现强降雨时期快速排水。在非工程措施方面,利用大数据和互联网技术建设城市内涝预测平台和内涝服务平台,增加对城市积水点的预测水平,同时提高公众参与水平,实现强降雨时期全民参与城市内涝信息发布中,管理部门快速对内涝积水点快速进行控制,最后依托智慧城市建设,加强城市综合防灾平台建设和城市应急防灾平台建设,通过对各项排水设施和部门的智慧化控制,加强各部门之间的数据共享,及时进行应急策略的制定,减缓城市内涝发生。
Abstract:
There are frequent disasters in the downtown area of Tianjin, and it proposed to use engineering and non-engineering methods to mitigate urban shackles. The engineering measures are reformed, firstly, it proposed to accelerate the construction of sponge city and urban double repair, build urban water storage and seepage space and transform the open space of the city from three scales of large, medium and small to control the displacement from the source, and slow down urban runoff; it proposed to construct a perfect drainage pipe network and delineate reasonable drainage zones, improve urban drainage standards and set up one-way drainage outlets, build sluice gates and drainage pumping stations, and achieve rapid drainage during heavy rainfall. In terms of non-engineering measures, it proposed to use big data and Internet technologies to build urban in-prediction prediction platforms and intrinsic service platforms, to increase the forecast level of urban water accumulation points, and at the same time increase the level of public participation, and realize the participation of all people in the city during the heavy rainfall period. The management also quickly controls the inflowing water points. Finally, it proposed to rely on the construction of smart cities, strengthen the construction of urban comprehensive disaster prevention platform and construct the urban emergency disaster prevention platform, by the intelligent control of various drainage facilities and departments and strengthen to share the data among different departments, and draft the emergency strategies timely. Through the implementation of the above strategies to slow down the infighting in the city.

参考文献/References:

[1] 中国每年发生200多起城市内涝灾害,折射扩张问题[N].经济参考报, 2016.8.4. There are more than 200 urban internal disasters in China each year and the problem of refraction expansion[N]. Economic Reference, 2016.8.4.(in Chinese)
[2] 裘书服, 陈珂, 温家洪.2007年7月重庆和济南城市暴雨洪水灾害认识和思考[J].气象与灾害研究, 2009,30(2):50-54. QIU Shufu, CHEN Ke, WEN Jiahong. Recognition and reflections on urban rainstorm and flood disasters in July 2007 in Chongqing and Jinan[J]. Meteorology and Disaster Research, 2009,30(2):50-54.(in Chinese)
[3] 吴济华, 文筑秀.城市暴雨灾害控制对策-学习《室外排水设计规范》2006年版的体会之一[J].西南给排水, 2012, 34(3):1-5. WU Jihua, WEN Zhuxiu. Control measures for urban storm disasters-learning from the 2006 edition of the "outdoor drainage design code"[J]. Southwest Water Supply and Drainage, 2012, 34(3):1-5.(in Chinese)
[4] 祝燕德, 肖岩, 廖玉芳, 等.气象灾害预警机制与社会应急响应的思考[J].自然灾害学报, 2010, 19(4):191-194. ZHU Yande, XIAO Yan, LIAO Yufang, et al. Thoughts on meteorological disaster early warning mechanisms and social emergency response[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2010, 19(4):191-194.(in Chinese)
[5] Stormwater[D/OL].http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stormwater.
[6] 郭文生.天津市城区湿地建国以来减少八成, 现城区惟一一片沼泽型湿地又遭侵吞[N].中国环境报, 2003.12.14. GUO Wensheng. The urban wetland in Tianjin has been reduced by 80% since the founding of the PRC. The only swamp type wetland in the urban area has been replanted[N]. China Environment News, 2003.12.14.(in Chinese)
[7] 顾孝天, 李宁, 周扬, 等.北京"7·21"暴雨引发的城市内涝灾害防御思考[J].自然灾害学报, 2013, 22(2):1-6. GU Xiaotian, LI Ning, ZHOU Yang, et al. Defending thinking on urban hail disaster caused by rainstorm in July 21 in Beijing[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2013, 22(2):1-6.(in Chinese)
[8] 司国良, 黄翔.沿江城市内涝灾害的反思与对策[J].中国水利, 2009, 10(19):39-40. SI Guoliang, HUANG Xiang. Rethinking and countermeasures of inherent disasters in cities along the yangtze river[J].China Water Resources, 2009,10(19):39-40.(in Chinese)
[9] 蒋祺, 郑伯红.城市雨洪调蓄空间对洪涝灾害影响研究-以长沙市2017年洪涝灾害为例[J].自然灾害学报, 2018, 27(3):29-38. JIANG Qi, ZHENG Bohong. Study on the impact of urban rain and flood storage space on flood disasters:a case study of the 2017 flood disaster in Changsha city[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2018, 27(3):29-38.(in Chinese)
[10] 陈晶晶.基于情景模式的天津市中心城区暴雨内涝风险分析与管理[D].华中师范大学, 2010.15-30. CHEN Jingjing. Risk Analysis and Management of Heavy Rain in Downtown Tianjin Based on Scenario Model[D].Central China Normal University, 2010. 15-30.(in Chinese)
[11] 李波, 孙杰, 韩振勇, 等.《天津市中心城区排水防涝综合规划》编制要点解析[J].城市道桥与防洪, 2016, 09(9):27-31+7. LI Bo, SUN Jie, HAN Zhenyong, et al. Analysis of the compilation essentials of "comprehensive plan for drainage and flood control in downtown Tianjin city"[J]. Urban Roads, Bridges and Flood Control, 2016,9(9):27-31+7.(in Chinese)
[12] 彭未风.天津海河口泵站建设启动2016年汛前投入使用[N].新华网, 2015.5.29. PENG Weifeng. Construction of Tianjin Haihekou Pumping Station started in 2016[N]. Xinhua Net, 2015.5.29.(in Chinese)
[13] 吴先华, 周蕾, 吉中会, 等.城市暴雨内涝灾害经济损失评估系统开发研究-以深圳市龙华新区为例[J].自然灾害学报, 2017, 26(5):71-82. WU Xianhua, ZHOU Lei, JI Zhonghui, et al. Design of economic losses evaluation information system of rainstorm waterlogging disasters in cities:evidence from Longhua New District in Shenzhen City[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2017, 26(5):71-82.(in Chinese)
[14] 吴先华, 肖杨, 王国复, 等.基于微博大数据的城市内涝灾害的灾情及公众情绪研究——以南京市为例[J].灾害学, 2018, 33(3):117-122. WU Xianhua, XIAO Yang, WANG Guofu, et al. Research on disaster and public sentiment of urban waterlogging disaster based on microblogging big data:take nanjing as an example[J].Journal of Catastrophology, 2018, 33(3):117-122.(in Chinese)
[15] 王晓易.天津"网格化模拟"应对城市内涝风险自动预警[N].城市快报, 2016.8.24. WANG Xiaoyi. Tianjin "mesh simulation" responds to the automatic early warning of urban intrinsic risk[N]. City Express, 2016.8.24.(in Chinese)
[16] 代辉,武文波,刘纯波, 等.洪涝灾害天空地一体化灾情查勘技术研究[J].自然灾害学报, 2014, 23(1):1-6. DAI hui, WU Wenbo, LIU Chunbo, et al. Research on flood disaster investigation technology for flood disaster integration[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2014, 23(1):1-6.(in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]崔星,袁丽侠,陆彦俊.台风诱发滑坡灾害的机理[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(02):080.
 CUI Xing,YUAN Li-xia,LU Yan-jun.Mechanism of typhoon-induced landslide hazards[J].,2010,19(04):080.
[2]顾孝天,李宁,周扬,等.北京“7·21”暴雨引发的城市内涝灾害防御思考[J].自然灾害学报,2013,22(02):001.
 GU Xiaotian,LI Ning,ZHOU Yang,et al.Thinking on urban waterlogging disaster defense initiated by "7·21" extraordinary rainstorm in Beijing[J].,2013,22(04):001.
[3]倪化勇,宋志,徐伟.沟床侵蚀主导型泥石流形成机理与成灾特征——以石棉县2013-07-04群发泥石流为例[J].自然灾害学报,2015,24(02):097.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0213]
 NI Huayong,SONG Zhi,XU Wei.Formation mechanism and disaster characteristics of debris flows originated predominately from gully erosion:taking the 2013- 07- 04 clusted debris flows in Shimian County as an example[J].,2015,24(04):097.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0213]
[4]麻蓉,白涛,黄强,等.MIKE 21模型及其在城市内涝模拟中的应用[J].自然灾害学报,2017,26(04):172.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2017.0420]
 MA Rong,BAI Tao,HUANG Qiang,et al.MIKE 21 model and its application on urban waterlogging simulation[J].,2017,26(04):172.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2017.0420]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-06-05;改回日期:2018-08-19。
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(13&ZD162)
作者简介:孙忠(1986-),男,博士研究生,主要从事城市综合防灾研究.E-mail:420679099@qq.com
通讯作者:运迎霞(1957-),女,教授,博士,主要从事城市规划与设计.E-mail:yunyx@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01