[1]张志高,蔡茂堂,苗运玲,等.1961-2016年新疆哈密参考作物蒸散量变化与成因分析[J].自然灾害学报,2019,28(04):178-185.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0419]
 ZHANG Zhigao,CAI Maotang,MIAO Yunling,et al.Variation of reference crop evapotranspiration and climate influence factors in Hami of Xinjiang during 1961-2016[J].,2019,28(04):178-185.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0419]
点击复制

1961-2016年新疆哈密参考作物蒸散量变化与成因分析
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
28
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
178-185
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-08-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Variation of reference crop evapotranspiration and climate influence factors in Hami of Xinjiang during 1961-2016
作者:
张志高1 蔡茂堂2 苗运玲3 郑美洁1 耿益新1 姬曼琪1
1. 安阳师范学院 资源环境与旅游学院, 河南 安阳 455000;
2. 中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;
3. 新疆乌鲁木齐市气象局, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 839001
Author(s):
ZHANG Zhigao1 CAI Maotang2 MIAO Yunling3 ZHENG Meijie1 GENG Yixin1 JI Manqi1
1. School of Resource Environment and Tourism, Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455000, China;
2. Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;
3. Urumqi Meteorological Bureau of Xinjiang, Urumqi 839001, China
关键词:
参考作物蒸散量Penman-Monteith模型影响因子Mann-Kendall检验哈密
Keywords:
reference crop evapotranspirationPenman-Monteith modelinfluence factorsMann-Kendall testHami City
分类号:
S161;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0419
摘要:
基于新疆哈密地区5个气象站点1961-2016年逐日气象资料,采用Penman-Monteith模型、趋势分析、累积距平和Mann-Kendall检验等方法分析其参考作物蒸散量变化特征及其影响因子。结果表明:近56年来,哈密地区年参考作物蒸散量均值以-20.57 mm/10a的速率减少,哈密、淖毛湖、伊吾和红柳河4地年参考作物蒸散量呈减少趋势,倾向率分别为-65.94 mm/10a,-32.77 mm/10a,-11.94 mm/10a,-4.99 mm/10a,巴里坤年参考作物蒸散量以12.79 mm/10a的速率增加。哈密四季参考作物蒸散量以夏季最多,春、秋季次之,冬季最少。哈密年参考作物蒸散量于20世纪80年代以来发生突变,但各站点存在明显差异,红柳河、巴里坤、淖毛湖和伊吾突变点分别为2009、2003、1996和1986年。相关分析表明,哈密地区年参考作物蒸散量主要受风速、相对湿度和降水量的影响,平均风速下降、相对湿度和降水量增加共同导致过去56年哈密地区参考作物蒸散量呈减少的趋势。
Abstract:
Based on the long-term climatic data from 5 typical weather stations in Hami, Xinjiang during 1961 to 2016, several methods such as Penman-Monteith model, trend analysis, cumulative anomaly and Mann-Kendall test were used to analyze the characteristics of reference crop evapotranspiration(ET0) change and climate influence factors in Hami since the last 56 years. The results show that:the average annual ET0 in Hami showed a decreasing trend during the latest 56 years, and the tendency rate was -20.57mm/10a. The annual ET0 in Hami, Chuomaohu, Yiwu and Hongliuhe showed the decreasing trend, and the tendency rates were -65.94 mm/10a, -32.77 mm/10a, -11.94 mm/10a, -4.99 mm/10a, respectively. The annual ET0 in Balikun showed an inecreasing trend, and the increasing rates was -12.79 mm/10a. The annual ET0 in Hami is the largest in summer, followed by spring and autumn, and the least in winter. The annual ET0 in Hami had changed abruptly since the 1980s, but there were obvious differences among the meteorological stations. The mutation points of Hongliuhe, Balikun, Chuomaohu and Yiwu were 2009, 2003, 1996 and 1986 respectively. Correlation analysis showed that the annual ET0 in Hami was mainly affected by wind speed, relative humidity and precipitation, decreased mean wind speed, increased relative humidity and precipitation together led to a decrease trend in annual ET0 over the past 56 years in Hami.

参考文献/References:

[1] IPCC. Climate change 2013:The Physical Science Basis, the Summary for Policymakers of the Working Group I Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report[M]. New York:Cambridge University Press, 2013.
[2] 第二次气候变化国家评估报告编写委员会. 第二次气候变化国家评估报告[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2011. EC-SCNARCC. The Second National Assessment Report on Climate Change[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 2011.(in Chinese)
[3] 任国玉, 郭军, 初子莹, 等. 近50年中国地面气候变化基本特征[J]. 气象学报, 2005, 63(6):942-956. REN Guoyu, GUO Jun, CHU Ziying, et al. Climate changes of china’s mainland over the past half century[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 2005, 63(6):942-956. (in Chinese)
[4] 尹云鹤, 吴绍洪, 戴尔阜. 1971-2008年我国潜在蒸散时空演变的归因[J]. 科学通报, 2010, 61(22):2226-2234. YIN Yunhe, WU Shaohong, DAI Erfu. Determining factors in potential evapotranspiration changes over China in the period 1971-2008[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2010, 61(22):2226-2234. (in Chinese)
[5] Brutsaert W, Parl M B. Hydrologic cycle explains the evaporation paradox[J]. Nature, 1998, 396(6706):30-33.
[6] 任国玉, 郭军. 中国水面蒸发量的变化[J]. 自然资源学报, 2006, 2l(1):31-44. REN Guoyu, GUO Jun. Change in pan evaporation and the influential factors over China:1956-2000[J]. Journal of Natural Resources, 2006, 21(1):31-44. (in Chinese)
[7] 高歌, 陈德亮, 任国玉, 等. 1956-2000年中国潜在蒸散量变化趋势[J]. 地理研究, 2006, 25(3):378-387. GAO Ge, CHEN Deliang, REN Guoyu, et al. Trend of potential evapotranspiration over China during 1956 to 2000[J]. Geographical Research, 2006, 25(3):378-387. (in Chinese)
[8] 沙莎, 王勇, 沈新勇, 等. 基于SPEI指数的东北春旱频率变化及突变成因分析[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2017, 26(4):183-193. SHA Sha, WANG Yong, SHEN Xinyong, et al. Analysis of frequency variation and causes of mutation change about spring drought over Northeast region of China[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2017, 26(4):183-193.(in Chinese)
[9] 李伟光, 易雪, 蔡大鑫, 等. 基于MOD16蒸散量的海南岛干旱特征分析[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2016, 25(5):176-183. LI Weiguang, YI Xue, CAI Daxin, et al. Analysis of drought characteristics in Hainan Island based on MOD16 evapotranspiration date[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 25(5):176-183.(in Chinese)
[10] 安彬, 肖薇薇. 1955-2015年陕西省潜在蒸散量时空变化特征及成因[J]. 水土保持研究, 2018, 25(4):146-151. AN Bin, XIAO Weiwei. Spatial and temporal variations of potential evapotranspiration in Shanxi Province and the quantification of the causes from 1955 to 2015[J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 25(4):146-151. (in Chinese)
[11] Golubev V S, Lawrimore J H, Groisman P Y, et al. Evaporation changes over the contiguous United States and the former USSR:A reassessment[J]. Geophysics Research Letters, 2001, 28(13):2665-2668.
[12] Bandyopadhyay A, Bhadra A, Raghuwanshi N S, et al. Temporal trends in estimates of reference evapotranspiration over India[J]. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 2009, 14(5):508-515.
[13] 刘宪锋, 潘耀忠, 张锦水, 等. 1960-2011年西北五省潜在蒸散的时空变化[J]. 应用生态学报, 2013, 24(9):2564-2570. LIU Xianfeng, PAN Yaozong, ZHANG Jinshui, et al. Spatiotemporal variation patterns of potential evapotranspiration in five provinces of Northwest China in 1960-2011[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2013, 24(9):2564-2570. (in Chinese)
[14] 谭娇, 丁建丽, 董煜, 等. 新疆艾比湖绿洲潜在蒸散量年代际变化特征[J]. 农业工程学报, 2017, 33(5):143-148. TAN Jiao, DING Jianli, DONG Yu, et al. Decadal variation of potential evapotranspiration in ebinur lake oasis of Xinjian[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2017, 33(5):143-148. (in Chinese)
[15] 张山清, 普宗朝. 新疆参考作物蒸散量时空变化分析[J]. 农业工程学报, 2011, 27(5):73-79. ZHANG Shanqing, PU Zongchao. Temporal and spatial variation characteristics of reference evapotranspiration in Xinjiang[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2011, 27(5):73-79. (in Chinese)
[16] 康丽娟, 巴特尔·巴克, 罗那那, 等. 阿勒泰地区不同时间尺度参考作物蒸散量的时空变化及影响[J]. 中国农业气象, 2018, 39(8):502-511. KANG Lijuan, Batur Bake, LUO Nana, et al. Spatio-temporal variation and influencing factors of reference crop evapotranspiration at different time scales in Altay region[J]. Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology, 2018, 39(8):502-511. (in Chinese)
[17] 刘艳, 陈爱京, 杨耘, 等. 近30年新疆县域尺度洪旱灾害空间聚类研究[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2017, 26(2):66-75. LIU Yan, CHEN Aijing, YANG Yun, et al. Spatial clustering study on flood and drought disasters on a county scale in Xinjiang in past 30 years[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2017, 26(2):66-75.(in Chinese)
[18] 张志高, 苗运玲, 刘青利, 等. 新疆哈密市近62年气温变化特征分析[J]. 新疆大学学报:自然科学版, 2017, 34(3):339-344. ZHANG Zhigao, MIAO Yunling, LIU Qingli, et al.Analysis on the temperature change characteristics in Hami of Xinjiang in resent 62 years[J]. Journal of Xinjiang University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 34(3):339-344. (in Chinese)
[19] 邢芝芳, 杨艳玲, 王军. 1960-2008年新疆哈密地区的气温变化分析[J]. 沙漠与绿洲气象, 2011, 5(1):25-28. XING Zhifang, YANG Yanling, WANG Jun. Analysis on the temperature changes of Hami area in Xinjiang during 1960-2008[J]. Desert and Oasis Meteorology, 2011, 5(1):25-28. (in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]姚凤梅,杨太明,曹倩,等.合肥地区近55年气候极值与农业气候指标动态变化趋势[J].自然灾害学报,2013,22(05):227.
 YAO Fengmei,YANG Taimin,CAO Qian,et al.Dynamic change trend of climate extremes and agroclimatic indices in Hefei region over past 55 years[J].,2013,22(04):227.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-12-05;改回日期:2019-03-09。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41602366);河南省科技攻关项目(182102311111);安阳师范学院大学生创新基金项目(ASCX/2019-Z121)
作者简介:张志高(1986-),男,副教授,博士,主要从事环境变化方面的研究.E-mail:Zhangzhg06@163.com
通讯作者:蔡茂堂(1981-),男,助理研究员,博士,主要从事气候变化方面的研究.E-mail:caimaotang@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01