[1]黄曦涛,李怀恩,张瑜,等.基于PSR和AHP方法的西安市城市内涝脆弱性评价体系构建与脆弱度评估[J].自然灾害学报,2019,28(06):167-175.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0618]
 HUANG Xitao,LI Huaien,ZHANG Yu,et al.Construction of urban waterlogging vulnerability assessment system and vulnerability assessment based on PSR & AHP method in Xi’an city[J].,2019,28(06):167-175.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0618]
点击复制

基于PSR和AHP方法的西安市城市内涝脆弱性评价体系构建与脆弱度评估
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
28
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
167-175
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-12-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Construction of urban waterlogging vulnerability assessment system and vulnerability assessment based on PSR & AHP method in Xi’an city
作者:
黄曦涛12 李怀恩1 张瑜3 杨晓锋4 陈思宇4
1. 西安理工大学西北旱区生态水利工程国家重点实验室培育基地, 陕西 西安 710048;
2. 自然资源部陕西基础地理信息中心, 陕西 西安 710054;
3. 陕西测绘地理信息局, 陕西 西安 710054;
4. 自然资源部第一航测遥感院, 陕西 西安 710054
Author(s):
HUANG Xitao12 LI Huaien1 ZHANG Yu3 YANG Xiaofeng4 CHEN Siyu4
1. State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-hydraulic Engineering in Arid Area, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048;
2. Shaanxi Basic Geographic Information Center, MNR, Xi’an 710054, China;
3. Shaanxi Bereau of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation, Xi’an 710054, China;
4. The First Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, MNR, Xi’an 710054, China
关键词:
城市内涝脆弱性评价体系PSR层次分析法
Keywords:
urban waterloggingvulnerabilityevaluation systemPSRAnalytic Hierarchy Process
分类号:
X4;X9
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2019.0618
摘要:
本文基于灾害系统理论和"压力-状态-响应"模型(PSR),构建了城市内涝脆弱性指标体系。利用2010、2012、2016、2017年共4期西安市统计年鉴数据提取了西安市城市内涝脆弱性指标,使用AHP(层次分析法)计算指标权重,提出城市内涝脆弱度指数,并综合分析评价了西安市城市内涝的脆弱程度。研究结果表明:自然和社会状态对城市内涝的脆弱性起决定性作用,外在压力和后期响应作用次之。其中,水面面积、排水管网密度、坡度、暴雨强度是对城市内涝脆弱度影响最大的因子,均大于10%;建成区面积、暴雨次数、人口、从业人数、投入资金、绿化率、GDP、防洪堤长度对城市内涝脆弱度的影响一般,影响力在2%-9%之间;年降雨量、年降雨天数、道路长度对城市内涝脆弱度影响较小,均小于2%。西安市4期的城市内涝脆弱度指数均为较低水平,说明西安市的城市内涝脆弱度指标平稳,灾害风险小,比较适宜人居。西安市城市内涝脆弱性评价,对区域城市管理、灾害预警、推进海绵城市建设等具有重要意义。
Abstract:
Based on the disaster system theory and the "pressure-state-response" model (PSR), this paper constructs the urban waterlogging vulnerability index system. The 2010 Xi’an City Statistical Yearbook data were used in 2010, 2012, 2016, and 2017 to extract the urban waterlogging vulnerability specific indicators. The AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) is used to calculate the weight of each indicator, and then it put forward the urban waterlogging internal vulnerability index, comprehensively analyze and evaluate the vulnerability of urban waterlogging in Xi’an city. The results show that the natural and social state plays a decisive role in the vulnerability of urban waterlogging, and external pressure and later response are second. Among them, the water surface area, drainage network density, slope, and heavy rain intensity are the factors that have the greatest impact on urban waterlogging fragility, which are greater than 10%. The built-up area, number of rainstorms, population, number of employees, investment funds, greening rate, GDP and the length of the flood have general impact on urban waterlogging fragility, which are between 2% and 9%. The annual rainfall, the number of annual rainfall days and the length of the road have little impact on the urban waterlogging fragility, which are less than 2%. The vulnerability index of urban waterlogging in Xi’an is relatively low, indicating that the urban waterlogging in Xi’an are stable, and the disaster risk is small, which is more suitable for human habitation. The vulnerability assessment of urban waterlogging in Xi’an city is of great significance to regional urban management, disaster warning, and promotion of sponge city construction.

参考文献/References:

[1] 顾孝天, 李宁, 周扬, 等. 北京"7·21"暴雨引发的城市内涝灾害防御思考[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2013, 22(2):1-6. GU Xiaotian, LI Ning, ZHOU Yang, et al. Reflections on the prevention of urban disasters caused by the "July 21" rainstorm in Beijing[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2013, 22(2):1-6.(in Chinese)
[2] 石勇, 许世远, 石纯, 等. 自然灾害脆弱性研究进展[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2011, 20(2):131-137. SHIi Yong, XU Shiyuan, SHI Chun, et al. Research progress on vulnerability of natural disasters[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2011, 20(2):131-137.(in Chinese)
[3] 范语馨, 史志华. 基于模糊层次分析法的生态环境脆弱性评价-以三峡水库生态屏障区湖北段为例[J]. 水土保持学报, 2018, 32(1):91-96. FAN Yuxin, SHI Zhihua. Evaluation of ecological environment vulnerability based on fuzzy analytic hierarchy process——taking the Hubei section of the ecological barrier zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir as an example[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 32(1):91-96.(in Chinese)
[4] 林冠慧, 张长义. 脆弱性研究的演变与当前发展[J]. 地理学报, 2015, 77(3):49-82. LIN Guanhui, ZHANG Changyi. Evolution and current development of vulnerability research[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2015, 77(3):49-82.(in Chinese)
[5] 黄建毅, 刘毅, 马丽, 等. 国外脆弱性理论模型与评估框架研究评述[J].地域研究与开发, 2012, 31(5):1-5. HUANG Jianyi, LIU Yi, MA Li, et al. Review of foreign vulnerability theory models and assessment frameworks[J]. Zorculation Research and Development, 2012, 31(5):1-5.(in Chinese)
[6] 赖振刚. 基于遥感技术的热岛效应与城市绿地、水体分布关系的探讨[A]. 地理信息与物联网论坛, 2010:363-365. LAI Zhengang. Discussion on the relationship between heat island effect and urban green space and water body distribution based on remote sensing technology[A]. Geographic Information and Internet of Things Forum, 2010:363-365.(in Chinese)
[7] 徐君, 李贵芳, 王育红. 国内外资源型城市脆弱性研究综述与展望[J]. 资源科学, 2015, 37(6):1266-1278. XU Jun, LI Guifang, WANG Yuhong. Review and prospect of vulnerability research of resource-based cities at home and abroad[J]. Journal of Resource Science, 2015, 37(6):1266-1278.(in Chinese)
[8] 王岩, 方创琳, 张蔷. 城市脆弱性研究评述与展望[J]. 地理科学进展, 2013, 32(5):755-768. WANG Yan, FANG Chuanglin, ZHANG Wei. Review and prospect of urban vulnerability research[J]. Advances in Geography, 2013, 32(5):755-768.(in Chinese)
[9] 刘若宇. 基于PSR模型的生态城市评价指标体系的构建研究[J].能源环境保护, 2015, 29(5):61-64. LIU Ruoyu. Research on the construction of ecological city evaluation index system based on PSR model[J]. Energy Conservation, 2015, 29(5):61-64.(in Chinese)
[10] 黄欣欣. 层次分析法在滑坡地质灾害易发性评价中的应用[J].华北国土资源, 2016(3):31-33. HUANG Xinxin. Application of analytic hierarchy process in evaluating the susceptibility of landslide geological hazards[J]. North China Terrestrial Resources, 2016(3):31-33.(in Chinese)
[11] 西安市统计局. 《西安市统计年鉴》[M]. 北京:中国统计出版社. Xi’an Statistical Bureau. Xi’an Statistical Yearbook[M]. Beijing:China Statistics Press.(in Chinese)
[12] 唐曦, 束炯, 乐群. 基于遥感的上海热岛效应与植被的关系研究[J]. 华东师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2008, 1(1):363-365. TANG Yi, SHU Wei, LE Qun. Research on the relationship between Shanghai heat island effect and vegetation based on remote sensing[J]. Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science), 2008, 1(1):363-365.(in Chinese)
[13] 曹璞源,胡胜,邱海军, 等. 基于模糊层次分析的西安市地质灾害危险性评价[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2017(8):282-288. CAO Yuyuan, HU Sheng, QIU Haijun, et al. Risk assessment of geological disasters in Xi’an based on fuzzy analytic hierarchy process[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2017(8):282-288.(in Chinese)
[14] 尹占娥,暴丽杰,殷杰. 基于GIS的上海浦东暴雨内涝灾害脆弱性研究[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2011, 20(2):31-37. YIN Zhaner, BAO Lijie, YIN Jie. Research on vulnerability of flood disaster in Shanghai pudong based on GIS[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2011, 20(2):31-37.(in Chinese)
[15] 查力. 北京城区内涝的空间分布特征研究及风险分析[D]. 首都师范大学,2014. CHA Li. Research on Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Risk Analysis of Sputum in Beijing Urban Area[D]. Capital Normal University, 2014.(in Chinese)
[16] 杨彬, 宁小莉. 包头市生态城市建设中生态环境评价研究[J]. 内蒙古师范大学学报(自然科学汉文版), 2015(1):104-107. YANG Bin, NING Xiaoli.Research on ecological environment assessment in the construction of ecological city in Baotou City[J]. Journal of Inner Mongolia Normal University, 2015(1):104-107.(in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]石勇,孙蕾.上海沿海六区县自然灾害脆弱性评价[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(03):156.
 SHI Yong,SUN Lei.Assessment of vulnerability of six coastal districts in Shanghai to natural disasters[J].,2010,19(06):156.
[2]杜晓燕,黄岁樑.天津地区农业旱灾脆弱性综合评价及区划研究[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(05):138.
 DU Xiao-yan,HUANG Sui-liang.Comprehensive assessment and zoning of vulnerability to agricultural drought in Tianjin[J].,2010,19(06):138.
[3]尹占娥,暴丽杰,殷杰.基于GIS的上海浦东暴雨内涝灾害脆弱性研究[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(02):029.
 YIN Zhan-e,BAO Li-jie,YIN Jie.GIS-based study on vulnerability to rainstorm inundation in Pudong of Shanghai[J].,2011,20(06):029.
[4]石勇,许世远,石纯,等.自然灾害脆弱性研究进展[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(02):131.
 SHI Yong,XU Shi-yuan,SHI Chun,et al.Progress in research on vulnerability of natural disasters[J].,2011,20(06):131.
[5]周云,张超,邓雪松.大学城公共安全评价体系初探[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(03):157.
 ZHOU Yun,ZHANG Chao,DENG Xue-song.Preliminary research on public security assessment system for university towns[J].,2011,20(06):157.
[6]石勇,许世远,石纯,等.基于DEA方法的上海农业水灾脆弱性评估[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(05):188.
 SHI Yong,XU Shi-yuan,SHI Chun,et al.DEA-based assessment of agricultural vulnerability to flood in Shanghai[J].,2011,20(06):188.
[7]顾孝天,李宁,周扬,等.北京“7·21”暴雨引发的城市内涝灾害防御思考[J].自然灾害学报,2013,22(02):001.
 GU Xiaotian,LI Ning,ZHOU Yang,et al.Thinking on urban waterlogging disaster defense initiated by "7·21" extraordinary rainstorm in Beijing[J].,2013,22(06):001.
[8]张红梅,沙晋明.基于RS与GIS的福州市生态环境脆弱性研究[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(02):133.
 ZHANG Hong-mei,SHA Jin-ming.RS and GIS based study on fragirity of ecological environment in Fuzhou City[J].,2007,16(06):133.
[9]陈香,陈静.福建台风灾害风险分布的初步估计[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(03):018.
 CHEN Xiang,CHEN Jing.Preliminary estimation of risk distribution of typhoon disaster in Fujian[J].,2007,16(06):018.
[10]葛怡,刘婧,李凤英,等.参保企业转移脆弱性的评估方法研究——以长沙地区为例[J].自然灾害学报,2008,17(01):081.
 GE Yi,LIU Jing,LI Feng-ying,et al.Research on assessment method for vulnerability transfer of insured enterprise: a case study of Changsha Region[J].,2008,17(06):081.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-08-17;改回日期:2019-10-20。
作者简介:黄曦涛(1981-),男,高级工程师,博士研究生,主要从事遥感技术应用、地理信息技术应用、智慧城市建设等方面的研究.E-mail:huangxitao_81@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01