[1]陈亚亚,刘传胜,杨瑞霞,等.世界自然遗产地突发性地质灾害全球尺度危险性评价[J].自然灾害学报,2020,29(02):087-96.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0209]
 CHEN Yaya,LIU Chuansheng,YANG Ruixia,et al.Global-scale risk assessment of sudden geological disasters in world natural heritage sites[J].,2020,29(02):087-96.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0209]
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世界自然遗产地突发性地质灾害全球尺度危险性评价
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
29
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
087-96
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Global-scale risk assessment of sudden geological disasters in world natural heritage sites
作者:
陈亚亚123 刘传胜23 杨瑞霞23 王心源23
1. 长安大学 地球科学与资源学院, 陕西 西安 710000;
2. 中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所, 北京 100094;
3. 联合国教科文组织国际自然与文化遗产空间技术中心, 北京 100094
Author(s):
CHEN Yaya123 LIU Chuansheng23 YANG Ruixia23 WANG Xinyuan23
1. College of Earth Science and Resources, ChangAn University, Xi’an 710000, China;
2. Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China;
3. UNESCO International Center for Natural and Cultural Space Technology, Beijing 100094, China
关键词:
世界自然遗产地突发性地质灾害风险评估全球尺度
Keywords:
world natural heritage sitessudden geological disastersrisk assessmentglobal scale
分类号:
X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0209
摘要:
世界自然遗产地因具有突出普遍价值而成为全世界关注的焦点,但近年来突发性地质灾害严重威胁了遗产地的完整性和可持续发展。基于全球自然遗产和突发性地质灾害空间及统计数据,利用地理信息系统和数理统计方法,构建了自然遗产地火山爆发、滑坡、地震3种类型的突发性地质灾害全球尺度危险性定量评估的方法,划分出全球239个自然遗产地的灾害危险等级,并从空间和数量两个方面对评估结果进行了分析。结果显示:149个自然遗产地至少显著暴露于一种突发性地质灾害;北美洲的自然遗产地具有较高的火山爆发危险,亚洲的具有较高的滑坡和地震危险,而大洋洲的自然遗产地在3种灾害中危险性都相对较低;滑坡相比火山爆发和地震,对于自然遗产地更具有普遍性且危险程度更高。研究结果可为摸清自然遗产地灾害风险情况、优化保护资金投入、完善《2030年可持续发展目标》11.4提供有效参考。
Abstract:
World natural heritage sites have become the focus of world because of its outstanding universal value. However, in recent years, sudden geological disasters have seriously threatened the integrity and sustainable development of heritage sites. Based on the spatial and statistical data of global sudden geological disasters and natural heritage sites, using GIS and mathematical statistics methods, this paper constructs a global-scale risk assessment method for three different types of sudden geological disasters in natural heritage sites: volcanic eruption, landslides and earthquakes, and classifies the disaster risk levels of 239 heritage sites. The evaluation results are analyzed from two aspects of space and quantity. The results show that 149 natural heritage sites are significantly exposed to at least one sudden geological hazard. Natural heritage sites in North America have the highest risk of volcanic eruption, and natural heritage sites in Asia have the highest risk of landslides and earthquakes, while the three disaster risks of natural heritage sites in Oceania are relatively low. Landslides are more prevalent and threatening to natural heritage sites than volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. The research results can provide effective reference for ascertaining the actual disaster situations in world natural heritage sites, optimizing the protection funds, and improving the "Sustainable Development Goals 2030" 11.4.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-05-28;改回日期:2019-12-03。
基金项目:中国科学院A类战略性先导科技专项(XDA19030501);科技部国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0503302)
作者简介:陈亚亚(1994-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为遗产地灾害风险评价.E-mail:641828658@qq.com
通讯作者:刘传胜(1973-),男,副研究员,博士,主要从事自然与文化遗产遥感研究.E-mail:liucs@aircas.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01