[1]庞丹琦,任传友,王艳华,等.基于产量损失的玉米水分适宜指数构建与评价[J].自然灾害学报,2020,29(02):185-194.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0218]
 PANG Danqi,REN Chuanyou,WANG Yanhua,et al.Construction and evaluation of specified water suitability index for maize based on yield loss[J].,2020,29(02):185-194.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0218]
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基于产量损失的玉米水分适宜指数构建与评价
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
29
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
185-194
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Construction and evaluation of specified water suitability index for maize based on yield loss
作者:
庞丹琦1 任传友1 王艳华1 崔凤茜2 刘红1 汤策轶1
1. 沈阳农业大学 农学院大气科学系, 辽宁 沈阳 110000;
2. 泰安农业气象试验站, 山东 泰安 271000
Author(s):
PANG Danqi1 REN Chuanyou1 WANG Yanhua1 CUI Fengqian2 LIU Hong1 TANG Ceyi1
1. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, College of Agronomy, Shenyang Agriculture University, Shenyang 110000, China;
2. Taian Agricultural Meteorological Test Station, Taian 271000, China
关键词:
水分亏缺干旱玉米水分适宜指数东北地区
Keywords:
water deficitdroughtspecified water suitability index for maizeNortheast China
分类号:
P429;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0218
摘要:
干旱是我国东北地区的主要农业气象灾害之一。虽然各类干旱指数的建立极大地丰富了农业气象服务的内容,但针对具体作物的干旱指标仍相当缺乏。本研究在理论分析基础上,依据产量损失具有阶段性累积的特点,构建了一个基于产量损失的玉米水分适宜指数,并利用东北地区(黑龙江、吉林、辽宁、内蒙古东四盟)1960-2017年106个台站的逐日地面气象观测数据和24个县的玉米单产数据,阐述了玉米水分适宜指数中各生育阶段减产率的参数化方案。研究结果显示:(1)玉米水分适宜指数与产量的相关系数介于0.482~0.782之间,与水分亏缺量指标相比,构建的玉米水分适宜指数具有更强的产量损失指示能力;通过典型年两个指标的对比分析也表明,玉米水分适宜指数具有更强的玉米干旱指示能力。(2)1960-2017年期间,黑龙江省东部、吉林省北部和辽宁省东部地区玉米水分适宜指数呈增高趋势,这些地区玉米的水分适宜性增高,而吉林省西部、辽宁省北部及中西部和内蒙古东四盟地区玉米生长的水分适宜性下降。研究结果可为东北地区玉米生产管理提供指导依据。
Abstract:
Drought is one of the major agricultural meteorological disasters in Northeast China. Although the establishment of various drought indices has greatly enriched the content of agrometeorological services, the drought indicators for specific crops are still quite lacking. Based on the theoretical analysis and according to the characteristic of gradual accumulation of yield loss, this study constructed a specified water suitability index for maize based on yield loss and used the daily ground observation data at 106 meteorological stations in Northeast China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, east four league of Inner Mongolia) during the period of 1960—2017 and 24 counties maize yield data to illustrate the parameterization scheme for yield reduction in various growth stages of specified water suitability index for maize. The results show that: (1) The correlation coefficients between specified water suitability index and yield of maize ranged from 0.482 to 0.782. Compared with the water deficit index, the constructed specified water suitability index for maize had stronger ability to indicate yield loss. The comparative analysis of two indexes in typical years also showed that the specified water suitability index for maize had stronger indicating ability. (2) During the period from 1960 to 2017, the specified water suitability index for maize in eastern Heilongjiang province, northern Jilin province and eastern Liaoning province showed an increasing trend, and the water suitability of maize in these areas increased. The water suitability of maize growth in western Jilin province, northern Liaoning province and the central and western Inner Mongolia decreased. The results can provide guidance for maize production management in Northeast China.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-07-03;改回日期:2019-10-30。
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目课题(2016YFD0300103);沈阳大气环境研究所公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目(2016SYIAEZD1)
作者简介:庞丹琦(1994-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事气候变化背景下东北地区玉米干旱评估.E-mail:syau_pdq@163.com
通讯作者:任传友(1970-),男,副教授,博士,主要从事气候变化影响研究.E-mail:renchuanyou0421@sina.com.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01