[1]李正农,郝艳峰.农作物抗风研究综述[J].自然灾害学报,2020,29(03):054-62.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0307]
 LI Zhengnong,HAO Yanfeng.Research review about wind effects on crops[J].,2020,29(03):054-62.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0307]
点击复制

农作物抗风研究综述
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
29
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
054-62
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-06-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research review about wind effects on crops
作者:
李正农 郝艳峰
湖南大学 建筑安全与节能教育部重点试验室, 湖南 长沙 410082
Author(s):
LI Zhengnong HAO Yanfeng
Key Laboratory of Building Safety and Energy Efficiency of the Ministry of Education, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
关键词:
农作物风场弹性模量倒伏风致响应
Keywords:
cropwind fieldelasticity moduluslodgingwind-induced response
分类号:
S46X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0307
摘要:
我国幅员辽阔且海岸线蜿蜒变化,每年由大风引起的农作物(香蕉、小麦、水稻、甘蔗、玉米等)倒伏、减产呈上升趋势,经济损失巨大,因此农作物抗风研究的开展具有重要的经济意义。通过回顾农作物近地面风场、农作物弹性模量与倒伏特性、以及农作物风荷载与风致响应在国内外的研究现状,总结了农作物抗风研究中存在的不足与问题,据此提出了进一步的研究方向。
Abstract:
Strong wind causes increasingly crop lodging and yield reduction in China, including wheat, rice, corn, sugar cane and banana, which leads to huge economic losses. Therefore, it is significant to study wind effects on crops. Based on the reviews about near-surface wind field of crop, elastic modulus and lodging characteristic of crop, and wind load and wind-induced response of crop, some deficiencies and potential development trends about wind effects on crops were proposed.

参考文献/References:

[1] 周利芬, 吴红华, 李正农. 树木抗风及对风环境影响的研究综述[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2015, 24(5):199-206. ZHOU Lifen, WU Honghua, LI Zhengnong. Study on the impact caused by typhoon in coastal area of China[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2015, 24(5):199-206. (in Chinese)
[2] 彭勇波, 艾晓秋, 承颖瑶. 风致树木倒伏研究进展[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2016, 25(5):167-175. PENG Yongbo, AI Xiaoqiu, CHENG Yingyao. Advances in research on wind-induced trees lodging[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2016, 25(5):167-175. (in Chinese)
[3] 艾晓秋, 彭勇波, 承颖瑶. 城市行道树动力学特性与风致破坏分析[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2018, 27(1):27-32. AI Xiaoqiu, PENG Yongbo, CHENG Yingyao. Wind-induced failure and dynamical behaviors of urban trees[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2018, 27(1):27-32. (in Chinese)
[4] 林琳. 近30年我国主要气象灾害影响特征分析[D]. 兰州:兰州大学, 2013. LIN Lin. Studies on the Impact of Main Meteorological Disaster in China within Recent 30 Years[D]. Lanzhou:Lanzhou University, 2013. (in Chinese)
[5] 王秀莲, 张家林. 陕西大风规律分析及防御对策[J]. 陕西气象, 1998(4):16-18. WANG Xiulian, ZHANG Jialin. Study on the strong wind and defensive countermeasures in Shanxi province[J]. Journal of Shanxi Meteorology, 1998(4):16-18. (in Chinese)
[6] 周兴佳. 新疆绿洲的风沙灾害和减灾对策[J]. 新疆环境保护, 1994(4):164-170. ZHOU Xingjia. Study on the sandstorm disaster and defensive countermeasures about Xinjiang’ oasis[J]. Environmental Protection of Xinjiang, 1994(4):164-170. (in Chinese)
[7] 安晓宇. 气象灾害对农业生产影响的研究[D]. 哈尔滨:东北农业大学, 2018. AN Xiaoyu. Research on the Impact of Meteorology Disasters on Agricultural Production[D]. Harbin:Northeast Agricultural University, 2018. (in Chinese)
[8] 高建华, 朱晓东, 余有胜, 等. 我国沿海地区台风灾害影响研究[J]. 灾害学, 1999, 14(2):73-77. GAO Jianhua, ZHU Xiaodong, YU Yousheng, et al. Study on the impact caused by typhoon in coastal area of China[J]. Journal of catastrophology, 1999,14(2):73-77. (in Chinese)
[9] 曾瑞涛, 陈福梓. 福建省香蕉栽培的农业气象问题浅析[J]. 福建热作科技, 1988, 44:1-5. ZENG Ruitao, CHEN Fuzi. Study of agrometeorological problems about banana cultivation in Fujian province[J]. Fujian Science & Technology of Tropical Crops, 1988, 44:1-5. (in Chinese)
[10] 刘云华, 鲁南, 宋立荣. 9615号台风灾害分析及防灾减灾对策[J]. 海洋预报, 2005, 3:31-35. LIUYunhua, LU Nan, SONG Lirong. Analysis and controlling disaster counter measures of No. 9615 typhoon[J]. Marine forecasts, 2005, 3:31-35. (in Chinese)
[11] 广东省防灾减灾年鉴编纂委员会. 广东省防灾减灾年鉴2009[M]. 广州:岭南美术出版社, 2009:46-47. Guangdong Provincial Compilation Committee of Disaster Prevention and Reduction Yearbook. Guangdong Provincial Yearbook of Disaster Prevention and Reduction 2009[M]. Guangzhou:Lingnan Art Publishing House, 2009:46-47. (in Chinese)
[12] 翟志宏, 黄俊, 郑璟, 等. 广东不同种植周期香蕉风害风险对比[J]. 海洋预报, 2005, 3:31-35. ZHAI Zhihong, HUANG Jun, ZHENG Jing, et al. Study on wind hazard level for banana of different planting cycles[J]. Marine forecasts, 2005, 3:31-35. (in Chinese)
[13] 罗德超. 沿海香蕉防风栽培要点[J]. 福建热作科技, 1992, 60-61:45. LUO Dechao. Cultivation key points of banana for gale in coastal area[J]. Fujian Science & Technology of Tropical Crops, 1992, 60-61:45. (in Chinese)
[14] 袁志华, 郑桂梅, 苏宗伟. 典型风荷载对小麦茎秆倒伏的影响[J]. 河南科学, 2005, 23(1):54-55. YUAN Zhihua, ZHENG Guimei, SU Zongwei. The effect of special wind load on wheat stem lodger[J]. Henan Science, 2005, 23(1):54-55. (in Chinese)
[15] 袁志华, 苏宗伟, 李祥付. 水稻倒伏的临界力分析[J]. 河南科学, 2008, 26(8):910-911. YUAN Zhihua, SU Zongwei, LI Xiangfu. The critical force analysis for rice lodging[J]. Henan Science, 2008, 26(8):910-911. (in Chinese)
[16] 周辉, 张志转. 水稻倒伏的原因和防止[J]. 农业灾害学报, 2013, 3(10):52-55. ZHOU Hui, ZHANG Zhizhuan. Causes and control of rice lodging[J]. Journal of Agricultural Catastrophology, 2013, 3(10):52-55. (in Chinese)
[17] Finnigan J J. Turbulence in waving wheat[J]. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 1979, 16:181-211.
[18] Finnigan J J, Mulhearn P J. Modelling waving crops in a wind tunnel[J]. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 1978, 14:253-277.
[19] Brunet Y,Finnigan J J, Raupach M R. A wind tunnel study of air flow in waving wheat:single-point velocity statistics[J]. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 1994, 70:95-132.
[20] Shaw R H, Brunet Y,Finnigan J J, et al. A wind tunnel study of air flow in waving wheat:two-point velocity statistics[J]. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 1995, 76:349-376.
[21] Judd M J,Raupach M R, Finnigan J J. A wind tunnel study of turbulent flow around single and multiple windbreaks, part I:velocity fields[J]. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 1996, 80:127-165.
[22] Finnigan J J, Shaw R H. A wind tunnel study of air flow in waving wheat:an EOF analysis of the structure of the large-eddy motion[J]. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 2000, 96:211-255.
[23] Wilson J D, Ward D P, Thurtell G W, et al. Statistics of atmospheric turbulence within and above a corn canopy[J]. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 1982, 24:495-519.
[24] Brunet Y, Irvine M R. The control of coherent eddies in vegetation canopies:streamwise structure spacing, canopyshear scale and atmospheric stability[J]. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 2000, 94:139-163.
[25] Charlotte P Y,Langre E D, Moulia B. A frequency lock-in mechanism in the interaction between wind and crop canopies[J]. J. Fluid. Mech., 2006, 568:425-449.
[26] Fitzmaurice L, Shaw R H, Paw U, et al. Three-dimensional scalar microfront systems in a large-eddy simulation of vegetation canopy flow[J]. Boundary-layer Meteorology, 2004, 112:107-127.
[27] Watanabe T. Large-eddy simulation of coherent turbulence structures associated with scalar ramps over plant canopies[J]. Boundary-layer Meteorology, 2004, 112:307-341.
[28] Huang J,Cassiani M, Albertson J D. The effects of vegetation density on coherent turbulent structures within the canopy sublayer:a large-eddy simulation study[J]. Boundary-layer Meteorology, 2009, 133:253-275.
[29] Bailey B N, Stoll R. Turbulence in sparse, organized vegetative canopies:a large-eddy simulation study[J]. Boundary-layer Meteorology, 2013, 147(3):369-400.
[30] Jia F, Zhou X, Chen F, et al. The calculations and simulation testing on the elastic modulus of wheat[J]. Interdisciplinary Sciences:Computational Life Sciences, 2015, 7(2):200-204.
[31] 孙凡. 作物茎秆抗倒伏的力学研究[J]. 西南农业大学学报, 1994, 16(2):183-186. SUN Fan. A study of the mechanism of lodging-resistance of crop stem[J]. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University, 1994, 16(2):183-186. (in Chinese)
[32] 袁志华, 冯宝萍, 赵安庆, 等. 作物茎秆抗倒伏的力学分析及综合评价探讨[J]. 农业工程学报, 2002, 18(6):30-31. YUAN Zhihua, FENG Baoping, ZHAO Anqing, et al. Dynamic analysis and comprehensive evaluation of crop-stem lodging resistance[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2002, 18(6):30-31. (in Chinese)
[33] 袁志华, 李云东, 陈合顺. 麦类作物的力学模型及振动分析[J]. 河南科学, 2002, 20(1):11-13. YUAN Zhihua, LI Yundong, CHEN Heshun. Dynamic model and vibration analysis of wheat or sort[J]. Henan Science, 2002, 20(1):11-13. (in Chinese)
[34] 田保明, 袁志华, 王建平. 油菜茎秆抗倒伏的力学分析及综合评价探讨[J]. 河南农业科学, 2005, 3:30-32. TIAN Baoming, YUAN Zhihua, WANG Jianping. Exploration of dynamics analysis and comprehensive evaluation on lodging resistance in stem of Rapeseed (B.napus L)[J]. Journal of Henan Agricultural Sciences, 2005, 3:30-32. (in Chinese)
[35] 陈毅平, 陈勤. 关于小麦抗倒伏数学模型及其应用研究[J]. 绵阳师范学院学报, 2012, 31(2):22-27. CHEN Yiping, CHEN Qin. On mathematic model of wheat lodging-resistant and its application[J]. Journal of Mianyang Normal University, 2012, 31(2):22-27. (in Chinese)
[36] 张丽华, 武捷春, 包玉海, 等. 基于力学模型的小麦腊熟期倒伏的风速研究[J]. 广东农业科学, 2014, 15:158-161. ZHANG Lihua, WU Jiechun, BAO Yuhai, et al. Study on lodging resistance wind speed of wheat based on mechanics model[J]. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, 2014, 15:158-161. (in Chinese)
[37] 屠鹏, 边红霞, 张锋伟, 等. 弹性模量对小麦茎秆倒伏的影响[J]. 生物数学学报, 2017, 32(4):475-482. TU Peng, BIAN Hongxia, ZHANG Fengwei, et al. Influence of Young’s modulus on lodging of wheat stem[J]. Journal of Biomathematics, 2017, 32(4):475-482. (in Chinese)
[38] Doare O, Moulia B, Langre E D. Effect of plant interaction on win-induced crop motion[J]. Transactions of the ASME, 2004, 126:146-151.
[39] Py C, Langre E D, Moulia B. The mixing layer instability of wind over a flexible crop canopy[J]. Comptes Rendus Mécanique, 2004, 332(8):613-618.
[40] Xu Q, Sun C, Sun Y. Mechanical model of wheat and vibration analysis[C]//Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation. Beijing:IEEE, 2012, 4965-4968.
[41] 刘水利, 宋瑜龙, 李够霞, 等. 小麦持风力及风力缓冲作用的研究[J]. 西北农业学报, 2016, 25(12):1787-1791. LIU Shuili, SONG Yulong, LI Gouxia, et al. Upright-keeping and wind cushioned abilities of wheat[J]. Acta Agricultural Boreali-occidentalis Sinica, 2016, 25(12):1787-1791. (in Chinese)
[42] Sivanagendra P, Ananthasuresh G K. Size optimization of a cantilever beam under deformation-dependent loads with application to wheat stalks[J]. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 2009, 39(3):327-336.
[43] Xu Q, Yuan Z, Sun C. Finite Element Analysis model of wheat lodging resistance[C]//26th China Control and Decision Conference. Changsha:IEEE, 2014, 3895-3899.
[44] Xu Q, Sun C, Yuan Z. Mechanical model of wheat and analysis of root lodging[C]//26th China Control and Decision Conference. Changsha:IEEE, 2014, 3900-3904.
[45] 胡安庆, 陈奎孚. 玉米植株人工风折试验及相关研究[C]//北京力学会学术年会. 北京:北京力学会, 2013, 324-325. HU Anqing, CHEN Kuifu. Study on artificial wind-break test of maize[C]//Academic annual conference of Beijing Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. Beijing:Beijing Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2013, 324-325. (in Chinese)
[46] Py C, Langre E D, Moulia B, et al. Measurement of wind-induced motion of crop canopies from digital video images[J]. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2005, 130(3-4):0-236.
[47] Liang L, Guo Y. Analysis and finite element simulation for mechanical response of wheat under wind and rain loads[J]. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, 2008, 1(1):82-88.
[48] Flesch T K, Grant R H. The translation of turbulent wind energy to individual corn plant motion during senescence[J]. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 1991, 55(1-2):161-176.
[49] Flesch T K, Grant R H. Corn motion in the wind during senescence:I motion characteristics[J]. Agronomy Journal, 1992, 84:742-747.
[50] Flesch T K, Grant R H. Corn motion in the wind during senescence:II effect of dynamic plant characteristics[J]. Agronomy Journal, 1992, 84:748-751.

相似文献/References:

[1]陆明,李茂松,申双和,等.图像识别技术在作物农情信息反演中的应用[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(03):018.
 LU Ming,LI Mao-song,SHEN Shuang-he,et al.Application of image recognition technique toagricultural condition information inversion of crops[J].,2011,20(03):018.
[2]袁福香,李忠辉,王立昌,等.吉林省主要农作物病虫害风险防御区划[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(03):064.
 YUAN Fu-xiang,LI Zhong-hui,WANG li-chang,et al.Risk defence zoning of disease and insect pests of main crops in Jilin Province[J].,2011,20(03):064.
[3]吴红华,邱敏,秦付倩,等.风洞中风场的分形特征分析[J].自然灾害学报,2014,23(01):032.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0105]
 WU Honghua,QIU Min,QIN Fuqian,et al.Fractal characteristic analysis of wind field in wind tunnel[J].,2014,23(03):032.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0105]
[4]叶彩玲,霍治国,丁胜利,等.农作物病虫害气象环境成因研究进展[J].自然灾害学报,2005,14(01):090.
 YE Cai-ling,HUO Zhi-guo,DING Sheng-li,et al.Advance in study on formation of meteorological environment causing crop’s diseases and insect pests[J].,2005,14(03):090.
[5]李正农,郑晶,秦付倩,等.风场实测数据缺失的插补方法研究[J].自然灾害学报,2014,23(03):058.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0308]
 LI Zhengnong,ZHENG Jing,QING Fuqian,et al.Research on interpolation method for deficient wind field data[J].,2014,23(03):058.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2014.0308]
[6]赵谊,马宝君,梁跃,等.应用吸收结构法预测火山灰云漂移轨迹[J].自然灾害学报,2015,24(03):082.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0311]
 ZHAO Yi,MA Baojun,LIANG Yue,et al.Prediction of drift trajectory of volcanic ash cloud with attracting structure method[J].,2015,24(03):082.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0311]
[7]周利芬,吴红华,李正农.树木抗风及对风环境影响的研究综述[J].自然灾害学报,2015,24(05):199.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0522]
 ZHOU Lifen,WU Honghua,LI Zhengnong.Review of research on trees’ wind resistance and effects on wind environment[J].,2015,24(03):199.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0522]
[8]夏兴生,朱秀芳,潘耀忠,等.农作物干旱灾害实时风险监测研究——以2014年河南干旱为例[J].自然灾害学报,2016,25(05):028.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2016.0504]
 XIA Xingsheng,ZHU Xiufang,PAN Yaozhong,et al.Study on real-time risk monitoring of crop drought disaster——taking the drought of Henan Province in 2014 as an example[J].,2016,25(03):028.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2016.0504]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-10-27;改回日期:2020-02-21。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51678233)
作者简介:李正农(1962-),男,教授,博士,博士生导师,主要从事结构抗震、抗风研究.E-mail:zhn88@263.net
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01